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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Workshop of Claes Jansz Visscher II (c.1587-1652)

Olinda, 1630

Hanc Tabulam continens Lætam / PHARNAMBUCI / victoriam, / Amplissimis prudentissimis consultissimisq; / Dominis / D. Societatis Indiæ occidentalis Curatoribus, / nec non / Fortissimo Victoriosissimoq. Domino / D. HENRICO C... 1630

Etching and engraving; printed from two copperplates, joined; mounted on paper (Mount Type A) | 36.3 x 69.6 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 722051.a

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Hendrick Corneliszoon Lonck (1568-10 October 1634), with a fleet of 52 ships of the Dutch West India Company, captured the Portuguese port of Olinda on the coast of Brasil on 14 February 1630. Dutch Portuguese War (1602-1663).

This action, which was followed by the capture of the state of Pernambuco, was a part of the Dutch-Portuguese War called the Sugar War whereby the Dutch acquired the sugar trade from the Portuguese in this region. The Dutch-Portuguese war was itself an extension of the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) since the Portuguese were joined to Spain in a dynastic union between 1580 and 1640.

The two plates which make up this view can be found in a variety of assemblages: (1) Impressions from the left plate only of this view can be found separately: this example in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. (2) The whole view was also pasted to the bottom of a longer view entitled 'OLINDA DE PHERNAMBUCO' with, along the top, a woodcut title 'DE STADT OLINDA DE PHARNAMBUCO, VEROVERT BY DEN E.GENERAEL HENDRICK C. LONCK, Anno 1630' (see RCIN 722052 for the view.) In this format, the French letterpress text (RCIN 722051.d) was pasted to each side of the original view, while the Dutch text was pasted along the bottom, extending from the left edge of the left column of French text to the right edge of the right column of French text. See the National Széchényi Library. (3) The Dutch text (RCINs 722051.b, c) was also pasted along the bottom of the longer view, see (2) above: Rijksmuseum RP-P-OB-78.197.

  • Workshop of Claes Jansz Visscher II (c.1587-1652) (printmaker)

    Claes Jansz Visscher II (c.1587-1652) (publisher)

    Nicolaes Visscher I (1618-79) (dedicator) [bottom centre, following on from title:] Nicolaus Ioannis Piscator.

  • Watermark: Chevron in shield, fleur-de-lys above, the letters WR suspended below

    Condition: seven fold lines; remains of Mount Type A along left, top and bottom edges; no gilt edges. Verso: surface dirt

  • 36.3 x 69.6 cm (image and sheet)

    36.9 x 35.1 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    Hanc Tabulam continens Lætam / PHARNAMBUCI / victoriam, / Amplissimis prudentissimis consultissimisq; / Dominis / D. Societatis Indiæ occidentalis Curatoribus, / nec non / Fortissimo Victoriosissimoq. Domino / D. HENRICO C. LONQ, / Archithalasso in comparabili devotè / dat dedicat et consecrat / humillimis ipsorum cliens [bottom centre, in cartouche surmounted by the device of the Dutch West India Company]

    Insets:

    (1) Map [top left, in cartouche resembling an unrolled scroll, a small-scale map of the Brasilian coast; in Dutch and French:] Het Noorder deel van / BRASILIEN, / Daer in vertoont werden de Voornaemste Zeehavenen, als / Paraijba, Phernambuco Bahia de todos los Sanctos / ende meer andere. // La Partie Septentrionale / DE BRASIL, Dans laquelle sont representez les Principaux Havres et Ports / de Mer comme Paraiva, Fernamboucq, La Baye de tous / les Saincts, et pluzieurs autres. Scale 1:3,000,000 approx. Scale bar: Miliaria Germanica communia [51 mm =] 20. Size: 15.6 x 34.0 cm (image). 
    (2) View [top right, a view of a sugar mill with a key, 1-6:] SUYCKER MOLENS Size: 10.8 x 18.2 cm (neatline); 13.0 x 19.2 cm (image).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Olinda de Pernambuco taken by the Dutch in February 1630.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [left of centre, ?contemporary hand, ink:] E 4.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Olinda de Pernambuco A Plan of the Town of Olinda de Pernambuco taken by the Dutch in February 1630: and a Map of the Northern part of Brazil: by N.J. Piscator (Visscher) 2 sheets. [with Descriptions of the Siege in Dutch and French.]

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil (08°00ʹ32ʺS 34°51ʹ19ʺW)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2915

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