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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

François Collignon (c.1610-87)

San River and Vistula River, 1657

VERA RELATIONE DEL SVCCESSO SEGVITO D’ALLE ARMI DEL RÉ DI POLONIA CONTRO / quelle del RE di SVETIA il quale si ritroua assediato d’allarmate Pollache fra li fiumi Vistula et San. ali 7. Aprile / 1656 published 1656

Etching; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edge top | Scale not stated; not drawn to scale | RCIN 723110

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A high oblique view of the Swedish army, encamped in the area of the confluence of the Vistula and San rivers in March 1656 and surrounded by the Poles and Lithuanians. Following the arrival from Warsaw of Swedish reinforcements commanded by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620-88), the Battle of Warka, also shown in this print, was fought on 7 April 1656 between the armies of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, commanded by General Stefan Czarniecki (1599-1665) and the army of Sweden, commanded by Charles X Gustav (1622-60) resulting in a Polish-Lithuanian victory. Second Northern War (1655-60). Oriented with north-east to top.

The distance between the geographical features is somewhat distorted; the area covered between Warsaw and Sandomierz is about 200 km. The straight line distance between Warka and Sandomierz is about 143 km; the distance between Warka and Wardaw is 57 km. The towns shown include Varsauia (Warsaw) in the north (to the left of the image), Kozienice (51°34ʹ59ʺN 21°32ʹ52ʺE), Stezica (Stęźyca, 51°34ʹ55ʺN 21°46ʹ15ʺE), Casimira (Kazimierz Dolny, 51°19ʹ09ʺN 21°57ʹ18ʺE), Janow (Janów Lubelski, 50°42ʹ25ʺN 22°24ʹ37ʺE), Zamocie (Zamość, 50°43ʹ23ʺN 23°15ʹ07ʺE) and Leopolis (Lviv, 49°50ʹ18ʺN 24°01ʹ24ʺE).

  • François Collignon (c.1610-87) (etcher and print seller) [left: below key:] fran.co Collignon Sculpsit Romæ con licentia de Sup: / si Vende nella sua Botega Imparione 24. Magio. 1656.

  • Watermark: Map: oval, indistinct design within. Mount: none.

    Condition: brown discolouration around edges from adhesive. Verso: offsetting from another impression of the same print

  • Scale not stated; not drawn to scale

    23.0 x 31.3 cm (image and neatline)

    cropped (platemark)

    23.1 x 31.6 cm (sheet)

    24.4 x 33.0 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    VERA RELATIONE DEL SVCCESSO SEGVITO D’ALLE ARMI DEL RÉ DI POLONIA CONTRO / quelle del RE di SVETIA il quale si ritroua assediato d’allarmate Pollache fra li fiumi Vistula et San. ali 7. Aprile / 1656. [top]

    Additional text:

    [top left, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, L-T, V, X, Z.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Vistula 7 April 1656.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [left, on mount, black pencil, erased:] Vistula 7 April 1656. (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Vistula Relatione del Succeso seguito dalle Armi del Re di Polonia contro quelle del Re di Suetia il quale si ritrova assediato dall’ Armata Pollache fra li fiumi Vistula et San, a li 7 Aprile 1656: da F. Collignon, 1656.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-89); sold by Carlo Antonio's grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Sandomierz [Sandomiria], Świętokrzyskie, Poland (50°40ʹ58ʺ N 21°44ʹ56ʺE)

    Warka, Mazovia, Poland (51°47ʹ03ʺN 21°11ʹ27ʺE)

    Warsaw [Varsavia], Masovian Voivodeship, Poland (52°13'47"N 21°00'42"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Mark McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3227

Page revisions

  • 30 January 2020

    Correction to places- latitude and longitude

  • 10 December 2019

    Initial version

  • 10 December 2019

    Initial version