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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

François Collignon (c.1610-87)

Siege of Perpignan, 1642

PLAN DE LA VILLE / ET CITADELLE DE / PARPIGNAN / Assiegee par Sa Maiesté tres / Crestienne LOVIS XIII Roy de France / et de Navarre le Auril 1642 et randue / a son obeissance le 9.e Aoust en... 1642 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (mount cropped) | Scale: [for the city area:] 1:19,500 approx. | RCIN 723012

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A combination high oblique view and plan of Perpignan, besieged from April 1642 by French-Catalan forces, commanded by Charles de la Porte, duc de la Meilleraye (1602-8 February 1664) and surrendered on 9 September. Catalan Revolt (1640-1659). Oriented with south-south-east to top.

Delmont records (p.19) that Louis XIII, accompanied by Marshals Meilleraye and Schomberg (Charles de Schomberg, duc d'Halluin (16 February 1601-6 June 1656) made a reconnaissance around Perpignan on the 26 April and that (p.22) the Governor signed the Act of capitulation on 29 August and marched out of the town, surrendering it to the French-Catalan forces on 9 September (not 9 August as mentioned in the title of this print).

Another example of this print (Bibliothèque nationale de France, GE BB-246 (XV,224-225RES) ) shows that the decorative border which once surrounded it has been trimmed off RCIN 723011 leaving only the inner narrow section. The BnF example, while retaining the blank space for the missing date in the title, has the engraved numbers in the section of text: 'Et dans la Ville Commandoient les Sieurs' which are absent in RCIN 723011; these numbers, in order of appearance, are: '1600 hōmes d'infanterie'; '200 de Cauallerie' and '600 armes et bagages'.

  • François Collignon (c.1610-87) (engraver) [bottom left, inside neatline:] Colignon sculp.

    Sébastien Pontault de Beaulieu (c. 1612-74) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: The name IPOYLEVE [?]; countermark: fleur-de-lys#

    Condition: two fold lines. Verso: remains of [Mount Type B]; some pressure marks

     

  • Scale: [for the city area:] 1:19,500 approx. Scale bar: Eschelle [50 mm =] 500 Th.

    46.4 x 55.8 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN DE LA VILLE / ET CITADELLE DE / PARPIGNAN / Assiegee par Sa Maiesté tres / Crestienne LOVIS XIII Roy de France / et de Navarre le [blank space] Auril 1642 et randue / a son obeissance le 9.e Aoust en suiuant. [top left, in cartouche representing draped material]

    Additional text:

    Estat de Larmée du Roy. [top left, following on from title, in title cartouche, a list of staff officers]; Et dans la Ville Commandoient les Sieurs [followed by a list of general officers in the town with three blank spaces for the insertion of numbers] [followed by a key, A-I, K-T, V, to the gates and fortifications of the town:] Table des chozes les plus remarquables / Contenues audict Plan.;  LES CAMP DV QVARTIER / du Roy [top right, in a similar cartouche to the title cartouche, another key, 1-42, to the regiments]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Perpignan April – 9 August 1642.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil, erased: the old heading]

    George III catalogue entry:

    Perpignan Plan de la Ville et Citadelle de Perpignan assiegée par Sa Majesté Louis XIII en Avril 1642, et rendue a son obeissance le 9 Aoust en suivant: par le S.r de Beaulieu, gravé par Colignon.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Perpignan Langedoc-Roussillon, France (42°41ʹ52ʺN 02°53ʹ43ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. E. Delmont, Siége de Perpignan 1641-1642. Extrait de l'histoire du Roussillon depuis 1639 jusqu'a nos jours,Perpignan, 1873.

    Mark McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3099

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