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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Gaspard Baillieu (active 1696-1726)

Tournai, 1667

PLAN DE TOURNAY / Ville Episcopale, ou il y à un Parlement, Capitalle / du Tournesis Scitué sur la Riviere de l’Ecaut / Eloigne de Cinq Lieues de Lille, à Six de Valentiē= / nes, a Quatre de Menin, Sept de Douay, à Cinq et... published 1708

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; manuscript yellow colouring to field trenches | Scale: 1:9,000 approx. | RCIN 723132

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A map of Tournai, showing the approach works of the French siege, commanded by Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne vicomte de Turenne (1611-75), which lasted from 21 June 1667 until the town surrendered on 25 June. Oriented with north-east to top (compass rose). War of Devolution (1667-8).

Following its capture by the French in 1667, the fortifications of Tournai were strengthened by Vauban. Bailleu published this retrospective map just a few months before the fortress was again besieged, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14), by Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy in 1709.

A close copy of Baillieu's map, without the military details, and without reference to the 1667 siege, was published in Amsterdam about 1720 by Pierre Mortier.

  • Gaspard Baillieu (active 1696-1726) (publisher) [in title panel, below title:] A PARIS, / Chez le S.Baillieu, Geographe Demeurant au Bout du Pont / au Change vis à vis l’Orloge du Palais au Neptune François / Avec Privilege du Roy 1708.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: cartouche with letters B [heart] C [or G]

    Condition: four fold lines; creased. Verso: heavy surface dirt; water-stained patch, right of centre, from the removal of William Augustus's cipher label; brown discoloured square and small fragments of label

  • Scale: 1:9,000 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de Trois Cent Toises [65 mm =]

    37.3 x 49.3 cm (neatline)

    38.4 x 49.8 cm (image)

    39.0 x 51.0 cm (platemark)

    44.1 x 56.5 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN DE TOURNAY / Ville Episcopale, ou il y à un Parlement, Capitalle / du Tournesis Scitué sur la Riviere de l’Ecaut / Eloigne de Cinq Lieues de Lille, à Six de Valentiē= / nes, a Quatre de Menin, Sept de Douay, à Cinq et / Demy de Courtray, et a Six et Demy d’Oudenaer= / de Elle fut Prise Par le Roy en 1667. le 24. Juin [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top right, below title, a key, A, B, to a demi-lune and lunette]. [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, 1-7, to the bastions, church and gate:] EXPLICATION, / des Lettres qui sont dans la Citadelle.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Tournay 24 June 1667.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason’s hand?:] 65; [red chalk, red pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand?:] 65

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tournay Plan de la Ville de Tournay assiegée et prise par le Roy le 24 Juin 1667: chez Baillieu, 1708.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Tournai, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°36'25"N 03°23'21"E)

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