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? Claude Joseph Sauthier (1736-1802)

Army, 1771, Colonial Provincial army at Sandy Creek

Return of the Provincial Army whilst Encamp’d at Hermon Husband’s on Sandy Creek in Orange County / the 22 May 1771 c.1771

Pencil, pen, and ink on paper | 42.9 x 53.7 cm (image) | RCIN 734002.a

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Returns of the Provincial army at Sandy Creek, Orange County on 22 May 1771. War of the Regulation (c.1765-71).

This gives the strength of the militia officers from ensign to colonels, adjutants, quartermasters, clerks, serjeants, drummers, rank and file, horses, wagons and women (only two), etc. The attribution to C.J. Sauthier is made on stylistic grounds. The attribution of authorship to Governor William Tryon (1739-88), which is made in the George III catalogue is based only on the signature. It is probable that Tryon signed the document only to signify its authenticity before it was dispatched to England.

The Hermon or Herman or Harmon Husband (1724-95) referred to in the title was the leader of the 'Regulators', a group of private citizens rebelling against the perceived injustices of the colonial administration. Husband owned about 10,000 acres on the Sandy Creek and Deep River area. He fled the area before the Battle of Alamance, 16 May 1771.

  • ? Claude Joseph Sauthier (1736-1802) (draughtsman)

    William Tryon (1729-88) (author) [bottom right, signed:] Wm Tryon.

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily, the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 963

    Condition: one fold line; brown discolouration to edges

  • 42.9 x 53.7 cm (image)

    44.5 x 56.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Return of the Provincial Army whilst Encamp’d at Hermon Husband’s on Sandy Creek in Orange County / the 22 May 1771. [top]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, outside neatline:] N.B.The Wake Detatchment and Light Infantry Joined the Army four days after the Action at Alamance. 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: State of the Provincial Army 22 May 1771.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, above old heading, black pencil:] State of the [?] / 22 May 1771. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] XVII/26-b.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Army Return of the Provincial Army whilst encamped at Hermon Husbands on Sandy Creek in Orange County, the 22.d of May 1771, by W. Tryon. MS.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    A printed version of this return is preserved in the Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, vol. 8, p. 677. (accessed 15 Oct 2016).

    Another manuscript copy is in the Orderly Book of Governor William Tryon's expedition against the insurgents of North Carolina, in the collection of the Manuscripts of the Earl of Dartmouth; see William Legge (2nd Earl of Dartmouth), The manuscripts of the Earl of Dartmouth, 1887, p.157.

    Another copy is in The National Archives, Series America and West Indies, vol. 218, f. 379 (now in TNA CO 5), having been sent to Lord Hillsborough (Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1768-72) on 2 August 1771 in despatch no.78.

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