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Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

Battle of Culloden, 1746

A Plan / of the battle of Inver- / ness fought Apr.l 16 1746 c.1746

Pencil, ink, brown and black ink, and grey wash on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:11,500 approx. | RCIN 730023

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A map of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King’s army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal point).

This map shows that the Royal army first formed in order of battle some distance to the east of the final position and then moved westwards. The order of battle, as it appears on this map, differs from the standard orders (see RCIN 730017 et seq.) in that the front line is composed of seven, not six regiments, and the second of six, not five, while the third line comprises only two regiments. Five squadrons of horse are on the left flank and three on the right. The regimental rectangles are shown correctly with the thickened line facing front. The arrangement of the rebel army is generalised with the plaid being represented in the rectangular fill by dots. The position of the rebel army is usually shown, on other plans, as abutting close to the south-east corner of the grounds of Culloden House; here they are represented some distance away.

Another plan of the battle by Daniel Paterson, entitled ‘A Plan of the Battle of Coullodin Moore’ is in NLS in the Board of Ordnance plans at MS. 1648 Z.03/30a. This shows slightly different details to RCIN 730023 and, in particular, shows the more conventional position for the left wing of the rebel army, abutting the corner of the walls of Culloden Park. This map is described in detail in Pollard 2009, pp.176-8.

  • Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom left, bottom of title panel:] By Daniel Paterson.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, the name C & [?I] HONIG below; countermark: the letters G R, crown above

    Mark, stamped: 505

    Condition: no fold lines; trimmed

  • Scale: 1:11,500 approx. Scale bar: [39 mm =] 800 y.ds

    43.6 x 32.0 cm (neatline)

    44.0 x 32.4 cm (image)

    45.2 x 33.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A Plan / of the battle of Inver- / ness fought Apr.16 1746. [bottom left, in a rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] XII/[?]; [bottom left, red pencil:] 10/31; [top left, obscured by white paper strip, ink, crossed out in red pencil:] Culloden.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the Battle of (Culloden near) Inverness fought 16.th April 1746; by Lieut. Daniel Paterson Eng.r [There is no entry under the heading Inverness.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    T. Pollard (Ed.), Culloden. The history and archaeology of the last clan battle, Barnsley, 2009

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