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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? William Cunningham (d. 1759)

Battle of Falkirk, 1746 1746 or later

Pencil, pen, and ink on paper; laid down on two pieces of linen, stitched together | Scale: 1:5,950 approx. | RCIN 730010

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A map of the Battle of Falkirk, fought on 17 January 1746 between the royal army of George II, commanded by Lieutenant-General Henry Hawley (c.1679-1759) and the Jacobite army, commanded by Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) and Lord George Murray (1694-1760) resulting in a Jacobite victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south to top (cardinal points).

The map extends from Torwood (56°02'34"N 03°51'39"W) in the north to south of Falkirk, and from Bonnie Bridge (Bonnybridge 56°00'05"N 03°53'18"W) in the west to Calender House (Callendar House 55°59'40"N 03°46'00"W) and grounds in the east.

Drawn mainly in grey monochrome, showing the positions of the Highlanders and the King’s army and the ‘Hollow Ground by which the Rebells conceald their March to the Right’, and the ‘March of the King’s Troops by the Road’.

  • ? William Cunningham (d. 1759) (draughtsman)

    Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) (dedicatee)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below

    Mark, stamped: 493

    Condition: six fold lines; two tears along folds have been repaired on verso with paper strips before being laid down on linen; surface dirt on recto, brown stains and wear along fold lines. Verso: foxing; top left, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:5,950 approx. Scale bar: A Scale of 500 Paces [64 mm =].

    34.9 x 46.6 cm (neatline)

    35.2 x 46.9 cm (image)

    35.8 x 47.4 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    No title


    To His Royal Highness The Duke [of Cumberland] / By His Most Devoted / Most Obe:t and faithfull Servt / Will Cuninghame. [left, in a rococo cartouche embellished with cannon and standards (flags), surmounted by the crowned English lion flanked by regimental standards]

    Additional text:

    EXPLAINATION. [top left, in a cartouche representing draped material, a key, A-I, K-S, to the military features on the map]


    George III heading: Battle of Falkirk 17 Jan.y 1746.

    Other annotations: (R) [top right, black pencil:] 8/8. (V) [bottom left, obscured by linen backing, ink or black pencil]: 7; [top right, red pencil:] Janry 17; [bottom right, black pencil:] 1746.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Falkirk A drawn Plan of the Battle of Falkirk between His Majesty’s Army under General Hawley, and the Rebels, Jan.y. by W. Cuninghame Eng.r

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Falkirk (Central Lowlands, Scotland, UK) 55°59'57"N 03°47'13"W

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