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William Eyres (d. 1764)

Encampment near Fochabers, 1746

PLAN of the CAMP / at / SPEY-MOUTH / 12.th April 1746 c.1746

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen. | Scale: 1:7,125 approx. | RCIN 730014

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A map of the encampment of the royalist army of George II, under the command of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) near Fochabers after crossing the Spey on 12 April 1746. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with west to top.

This map shows a section of ground further to the west than RCIN 730013. Additional information includes the depiction of three outposts situated at the north-west, south-west, and north-east corners of a patch of rectangular woodland directly to the west of the encampment, and the marking of Cumberland's headquarters in the vicinity of what today (and in the 1740s according to the Military Survey of Scotland) is known as Redhall (not named on this map). It does not show the position of the Rebels on the west bank of the Spey. The configuration of Fochabers and Gordon Castle also differs. The march routes of the army are not shown.

Reproduced in Speck 1981, p.134.

  • William Eyres (d. 1764) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right, below title and scale bar:] Will: Eyres Engr:

  • Watermark: Horn in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters G R below; countermark: the letters H R

    Mark, stamped: 496

    Condition: one fold line; brown stains and foxing to both sides, especially verso. Verso: top left, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label; part of a linen mark stamp remains, top left

  • Scale: 1:7,125 approx. Scale bar: [77 mm =] 600 yards.

    37.4 x 47.6 cm (neatline)

    37.4 x 47.6 cm (image)

    38.4 x 48.5 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN of the CAMP / at / SPEY-MOUTH / 12.th April 1746. [bottom right, in rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment on the River Spey 12 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil, on linen:] 14; [centre, red pencil, obscured by linen:] 14; [bottom right, black pencil, on linen:] April 12 1746

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampments A drawn Plan of the Encampment of H. M.’s Army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland at Spey Mouth, 12.th April 1746, by Lieut. Wm.m Eyres Eng.r [The same entry appears under the heading Spey.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fochabers (Moray District, Scotland, UK) 57°36'49"N 03°05'44"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    W.A. Speck, The Butcher: The Duke of Cumberland and the Suppression of the '45, Oxford, 1981, p.134

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