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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Anonymous

Frederiksten, 1718

PLAN / de la Fortresse Danoise / de / FRIDERICHSTEIN / prosche de la ville de Fride= / richs,, hal, en Norwege, / situé sùr la Mer d’Idefiord / et Swine Sund; Assigée par / CHARLE. XII. Roÿ de Süede / avec. 8000 hommes, 36... 1718 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; gilt edges | Scale: 1:7,000 approx. | RCIN 727013

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A map of the fortress of Fredrickshall showing the siege (11 November-12 December 1718) by the Swedish army, commanded by Charles XII of Sweden (1682-1718) against the troops of Denmark-Norway, commanded by Frederick IV of Norway (1671-1730), resulting in a Norwegian victory. The Great Northern War (1720-21). Oriented with south to top.

This plan has been removed from a volume, made about 1719 or later, of manuscript maps and plans of sieges. Other maps, perhaps in a different hand but, apparently from the same volume, are scattered throughout the collection: RCINs [724061], [724090], 725007, 725009, 725011, 725013, 725021, 725023, 725027, 725030, 725032, 725041, [725044], 725045, 725047, [725055], 725074, 725087, 725098, 726007, 726014, 726022, 726041, 726045, 726053, 726065, 726073, 726080, 726086, 726090, 727004, 727007, 727011, 727014.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Strasburg lily

    Mark, stamped: 163

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: induced discolouration; remains of old guard

  • Scale: 1:7,000 approx. Scale bar: [106 mm = 200] Ruten.

    38.9 x 60.6 cm (neatline)

    39.5 x 61.0 cm (image)

    52.8 x 74.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / de la Fortresse Danoise / de / FRIDERICHSTEIN / prosche de la ville de Fride= / richs,, hal, en Norwege, / situé sùr la Mer d’Idefiord / et Swine Sund; Assigée par / CHARLE. XII. Roÿ de Süede / avec. 8000 hommes, 36 Pieces / des Cànons, et 18 Mortiers, / tranchée Ouverte le 11 Novbr., / l’equel Siege à eté leve le / 12 Decembr, 1718, par la Mort / Fatale de sa Majeste / Süedoise. [top left, in rectangular cartouche]

    Additional text:

    [left, below title, in continuation of rectangular panel down left side of map, a key, a-i, k-o, to the works executed on each of the seven nights of the siege, the batteries, forts, place where the King of Sweden was killed, Friderichstein and Fridrichshalle. Another key, 1-3, to a hidden passage, a paved road, and a small wooden house where the king had rested after taking the fort of Guldenlöw on 8 October 1718:] Renvoÿ des Lettres, et Chiffres.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Frederickshall 11 Nov.r - 12 Dec.r 1718.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, ink:] 25. (Verso) [top centre, black pencil, erased:] Frederickshall; [top right, ink:] 25.; [bottom centre, red pencil:] 6/19; [bottom centre, black pencil:] VII/19.

    George III catalouge entry:

    Frederickshall Plan dessiné de la Fortresse Danoise de Friderichstein proche de la Ville de Friderichs-hal en Norwege, assiegée par Charles XII Roy de Suede, le 11 Nov.re et levée le 12 Dec.re 1718.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fredriksten festing, Østfold, Norway (59°07ʹ11ʺN 11°23ʹ48ʺE)

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