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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Edward Cotsford (active 1759-70)

Manila, 1762

PLAN of MANILLA / Capital of the Philipines / taken by Storm the 6.th of Oct.r 1762 by the / English Army Commanded by Brigadier Gen.l / Draper with the united Efforts of his Majesty’s / Squadron Commanded by Rear Adm.l Cornish c.1762

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper; pricking through | Scale: 1:4,354 approx. | RCIN 733067

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A plan of Manila showing the attacks of the British combined forces on 6 October 1762. Seven Years War (1756-63): Anglo-Spanish War (1761-63). Oriented with north-east to top (compass rose).

This map shows similar details to RCIN 733066.b but depicts less sea so that the ships are not drawn; their position can be estimated from the lines of fire which are drawn from their guns. The map reflects a slightly later situation than that shown on RCIN 733066.b and additionally shows the batteries intended for the heavy mortars and the saps, which were shown in front of the Royal Bastion on the earlier map, but which are now more clearly drawn and labelled as 'project for continuing the attack'.

The successful British combined operations attack on the Spanish stonghold of Manila on 6 October 1762 was commanded by Brigadier-General William Draper (1721-87) and Rear-Admiral Samuel Cornish (c.1715-70). The Spanish opponents were commanded by Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra (1708-64; Governor-General of the Philippines) and Simón de Anda y Salazar (1701-76). The action was fought during the Anglo-Spanish War (1761-63) which was, in turn, a part of the Seven Years War. The city was returned to the Spanish after the Treaty of Paris (1763).

  • Edward Cotsford (active 1759-70) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside neatline, signed:] Edward Cotsford.

    William Stevenson (d. 1765) (draughtsman) [bottom left, inside neatline, signed:] W.m Stevenson C.hf Engineers

  • Watermark: The letters PvL (all in one)

    Mark, stamped: 959

    Condition: one fold line; slight surface dirt and brown discolouration round edges. Verso: surface dirt; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:4,354 approx. Scale bar: 600 yards [126 mm =].

    30.8 x 53.1 cm (neatline)

    32.2 x 54.6 cm (image)

    40.2 x 57.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of MANILLA / Capital of the Philipines / taken by Storm the 6.th of Oct.r 1762 by the / English Army Commanded by Brigadier Gen.l / Draper with the united Efforts of his Majesty’s / Squadron Commanded by Rear Adm.l Cornish. [top centre, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top, left and right of title panel, also in rectangular panels, a key, 1-31, and a-i, k-u, to the principal buildings, particularly religious buildings, bastions, batteries, project for continuing the attack and the battery intended for the heavy mortars.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Manilla 6 Oct. 1762.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 13/121 [ink:]-2; [top left, black pencil:] XVII/[13-2]; [top right, black pencil:] M N[o.] 13; [top right, red pencil:] 1762.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Manilla A drawn Plan of Manilla taken by storm 6.th Oct.r 1762, by the English Army commanded by General Draper, with the united efforts of His Majesty’s Squadron commanded by Admiral Cornish: by W.m Stevenson chief Eng.r and Edward Cotsford.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Manila, National Capital Region, Phillipines (14°36'15"N 120°58'55"E)

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