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Anonymous

Order of battle, 1746, England

Ordre de Bataille de l'Armée commandée par S.E. Le Feldt Marechal Wade / 1746 1745 or later

Pencil, pen and ink on thin paper | 19.2 x 31.5 cm (image) | RCIN 730008

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An order of battle of the British, Dutch and Swiss troops under the command of Field Marshal Wade in 1745. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6).

Unfinished; regimental rectangles are uncoloured; pencil guiding lines for the lettering are visible. This small force of six squadrons and 16 battalions, with artillery and two battalions in Reserve, was commanded by Wade with, in the First Line, General Nassau; Lieutenant-Generals Swartzenberg and Tyrawley; Major-Generals Oglethorpe and Howard; Brigadiers Evertseen and Mordaunt.

The General Officers of the Second Line are Lieutenant-General Wentworth; Major-Generals Villattes and Huske; Brigadiers Grotenray and Cholmondeley. The Reserve Corps is commanded by Colonel Patot.

This order of battle is dated 1746 but probably refers to the forces which Wade had under his command when pursuing Prince Charles Edward Stuart in Britain at the end of 1745. Wade refused a further appointment for service at the end of 1745 on the grounds of his age (he was 72) and his ill health (Speck 1981, pp.104-5).

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: The letters GR, crown above, within two leafed branches, the whole within a circle

    Mark, stamped: 491

    Condition: three fold lines; trimmed; discoloured along left edge

  • 19.2 x 31.5 cm (image)

    20.1 x 32.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Ordre de Bataille de l'Armée commandée par S.E. Le Feldt Marechal Wade / 1746. [i.e. 1745?]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a summary of the total numbers of the pieces of field artillery and the numbers of battalions and squadrons of the first line.] [Bottom right, the numbers of British, Dutch and Swiss squadrons and battalions of the first and second lines.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Order of Battle 1746.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille de l’Armée commandée par le Feldt Marechal Wade, 1746. MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (15 April 1721-31 October 1765), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    W.A. Speck, The Butcher: The Duke of Cumberland and the Suppression of the '45, Oxford, 1981, pp.104-5

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