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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

Order of battle at Culloden, 1746 (Culloden Moor, Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W c.1746

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | 37.0 x 23.1 cm (image) | RCIN 730017

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An order of battle and order of march of the royalist army of George II, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) on the way to Culloden Moor on 16 April 1746. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6).

The order of march is given in three columns, each comprising five named regiments. A note, bottom right, in the same hand as the rest of the document, reads: ‘NB Howards Regiment not mentioned or Wolfs to be / moved upon the Flanks as the Situation may / require’. In fact, Wolf's regiment is placed in the second line under Maj. Gen. Huske's, whose name is written in in pencil in another hand.

The army is placed in three lines of six, five and three regiments, with a group of three squadrons to each side of the front line and one squadron (Kingston's Horse) at each end of the third line. The Duke's name does not appear. Two pieces of field artillery are shown between the each of the battalions on the first line; two groups of three mortars are shown in the second line, one between Ligonier's and Wolf's and the other between Fleming's and Bligh's.

It is apparent, from the order of march, that the manoeuvre into order of battle while on the move was for each unit in the second line of each column to move forwards to the left of the unit in front; this was repeated for the third and fourth lines. The rear units formed the reserve.

This order of battle is in a standard Board of Ordnance hand, very similar to that of Daniel Paterson. Unfinished; lacks final colouring of regimental rectangles.

  • ? Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Amsterdam coat of arms; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 499

    Condition: four fold lines; small repairs to tear and hole along fold lines; trimmed

  • 37.0 x 23.1 cm (image)

    37.0 x 23.1 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    No title

    Additional text:

    NB Howards Regiment not mentioned or Wolfs to be / moved upon the Flanks as the Situation may / require. [bottom right, a note reads]

    Annotations:

    George III  heading: Order of Battle at Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] VIII/17 [below:] XII/13-d; [top left, black pencil, erased:] Order of Battle.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Order of Battle of His Majesty’s Army under the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden, 16.th April 1746, with the Order of March. MS. [The same entry appears under the heading Culloden.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​ Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

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