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Anonymous

Siege of Carlisle, 1745

Plan of the Attack on the Castle of Carlisle, Taken by HIS ROYAL HIGHNES the DUKE of CUMBERLAND. 30 debr: 1745 1745 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on thin paper; some pricking through | Scale: 1:2,000 approx. | RCIN 729161

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A plan of the successful siege of Carlisle, 21-30 December 1745, by the British army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65). Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points).

This appears to be a copy of RCIN 729160 (or vice versa), but it is cruder in execution.

The Jacobites, commanded by Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88), had reached Carlisle on 9 November 1745 and Lieutenant-Colonel James Durand, commanding the castle, surrendered on the 14th. A garrison of 350 Rebel soldiers was left to defend the castle. The Duke of Cumberland reached Carlisle on 21 December and after delays in the supply of artillery, caused by adverse weather and bad roads, the castle was surrendered on the 30th.

This map shows the locations of the two batteries constructed by Cumberland's troops and the lines of fire from them to the castle. Whitehaven and Rose Castle Roads are named, as well as the River Calder and Mill Race. The structures coloured in carmine would have been masonry buildings.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: The letters HR

    Mark, stamped: 487

    Condition: four fold lines; the acid from the ink has bitten through the bottom inked line and the bottom margin is becoming detached

  • Scale: 1:2,000 approx. Scale bar: Scale of Paces [73 mm =] 200.

    16.6 x 31.9 cm (neatline)

    26.7 x 31.9 cm (image)

    31.3 x 36.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan of the Attack on the Castle of Carlisle, Taken by HIS ROYAL HIGHNES[sic] the DUKE of CUMBERLAND. 30 debr: 1745. [bottom, below map in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    REFERENCES. [bottom, below title, in title panel, a key, a-h, j-l, to the various parts of the castle and the batteries and attack works]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Carlisle 30 Dec.r 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) the second group of inked letters, ‘kk’ in the key, have been corrected in black pencil to ‘ll’. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] VIII/6; [top left, black pencil:] XI/18-a.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Carlisle A drawn Plan of the attack on the Castle of Carlisle, taken by the Duke of Cumberland, 30 Dec.r 1745.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Carlisle, Cumbria, England, UK (54°53'42"N 02°56'17"W)

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