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Anonymous

Siege of Thorn, 1703

PLAN / und / GRUNDRIS VON DER STADT / UND FESTUNG / THOREN / Sambt. der Attaque so Ihro Konigl: / Maÿ: von Schweden CAROLUS / der XII gethan den 24 May / 1703 1703 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:3,000 approx. | RCIN 725023

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A plan of the siege of Saxon-held Thorn, 24 May-14 October 1703, by the Swedish army, commanded by Charles XII of Sweden (1682-1718) resulting in the surrender of the Thorn garrison by the Saxon commander General von Kanitz. The Great Northern War (1700-21). Oriented with east to top.

The plan lacks any written information or annotation; the parallels of the siegeworks, field batteries, etc., are shown to the west, north and east of the town. The islands which are drawn in the middle of the river no longer exist.
 

This plan has been removed from a volume, made about 1719 or later, of manuscript maps and plans of sieges. Other maps, perhaps in a different hand but, apparently from the same volume, are scattered throughout the collection: RCINs [724061], [724090], 725007, 725009, 725011, 725013, 725021, 725027, 725030, 725032, 725041, [725044], 725045, 725047, [725055], 725074, 725087, 725098, 726007, 726014, 726022, 726041, 726045, 726053, 726065, 726073, 726080, 726086, 726090, 727004, 727007, 727011, 727013, 727014.

The dates of the siege, and other details of the actions, are given in Friedrich, 2000, p.176.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 71

    Condition: one fold line; small tears to central fold; foxing; four gilt edges. Verso: remains of guard; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:3,000 approx. Scale bar: [56 mm =] 48 Ruth.

    43.7 x 62.3 cm (neatline)

    44.7 x 63.2 cm (image)

    52.8 x 73.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / und / GRUNDRIS VON DER STADT / UND FESTUNG / THOREN / Sambt. der Attaque so Ihro Konigl: / Maÿ: von Schweden CAROLUS / der XII gethan den 24 May / 1703: [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Thorn 24 May 1703.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, ink:] 37. (Verso) [top, right of centre, black pencil erased:] Thorne; [top right, ink:] 37; [bottom, right of centre, red pencil:] 4/27; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil erased:] V[/?]; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased: old heading?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Thorn Grundris von der Stadt und Festung Thoren sambt der Attaque von der Konig. von Schweden Carolus der XII den 24 May 1703. drawn

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Toruń, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland (53°00'49"N 18°35'53"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    K. Friedrich, The Other Prussia: Royal Prussia, Poland and Liberty 1569, Cambridge, 2000

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