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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

Theodoor van Merlen (1609-72)

Battle of Mogersdorf, 1664

Oprechte af beldinghe ende beschrijvinghe van de groote ende treffelijcke Victorie, behaelt door den Christelijcken Hooft-legher teghen / den erf-vijandt den Turck, in Neder-Hungarijen, den 1. Augusti, 1664... 1664 or later

Engraving and etching view printed on paper with letterpress text of two columns each in Dutch and French printed on the same sheet as the view | 18.4 x 28.0 cm (neatline) | RCIN 723127.b

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A middle to high oblique view of the Battle of St Gotthard (also known as the Battle of Mogersdorf), fought on 1 August 1664 by the combined forces of the League of the Rhine (France and the Holy Roman Empire) and Piedmont Savoy, commanded by Raimondo, Count of Montecúccoli (1609-80), Jean de Coligny-Saligny (1617-86) and Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck (1620-92) against the Ottoman army, commanded by Köprülüzade Fazil Ahmed Pasha (1635-76), resulting in a victory for the League of the Rhine. Oriented with west to top. Habsburg-Ottoman Wars (Fourth Austro-Turkish War) (1663-4). 

The accompanying letterpress text, in Dutch and French, is printed on same sheet.

A different engraving, showing the same view with the same details and design and with German text was published in 'Franckfurt/auff dem Pfarzeisen' (Digitales Archiv Marburg HstAM WHK 1/19) (last accessed 2 December 2017).

  • Theodoor van Merlen (1609-72) (engraver) [bottom right of view, outside neatline:] Th’ van Merlen ex Antverpiæ; [bottom right, below French text:] A. V. E. V. & Approbavit.

  • Watermark: Horn in crowned shield, suspending the figure ‘4’, the letters WR below

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: remains of paper repair?

  • 18.4 x 28.0 cm (neatline)

    [cropped] x 28.4 cm (platemark)

    42.1 x 29.8 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Oprechte af beldinghe ende beschrijvinghe van de groote ende treffelijcke Victorie, behaelt door den Christelijcken Hooft-legher teghen / den erf-vijandt den Turck, in Neder-Hungarijen, den 1. Augusti, 1664. [followed by two columns of text in Gothic lettering.] // Description tres- veritable de la Victoire & Bataille gaignée par les armes Chrestiennes contre l’ennemy des Chrestiens dans l’Hongrie Basse / apres la Riviere de Raab, le premier d’Aoust, 1664. [followed by two columns of text in Roman lettering.] [no title on view; Dutch and French titles on accompanying text]

    Insets:

    [top left, a portrait in oval frame:] RAYMOND Comte de MONTECVCVLI / General de l'armée Chrestienne. [top right, a portrait in oval frame:] ACHMET BASSA Grand Visier et / General de l'armée Turquesque.

    Additional text:

    [top centre of view, in a scroll, a key to the numbers, 1-6, which appear on the view.] [Dutch letterpress text begins:] De twee Hooft-Leghers [printed character:] / der Christenen en der Turcken [printed forward slash:] / hadden nu in de tweede weke | gheleghen by de Riviere de Raab … [French letterpress text begins:] Il y a avoit environ de quinze jours que les deux Armées estoient campées pres du Raab …

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Raab 1 Aug.t 1664.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, ink, seventeenth century?:] 3? [encircled], A [or D] Lt 15 [bottom right, black pencil, erased and illegible.]

    George III catalogue entry:

    Raab A View of the Battle between the Christians and Turks near the River Raab, on the 1.st of Aug.t 1664: by Th. van Merlen. with a Description.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Mogersdorf, Burgenland, Austria (46°56ʹ57ʺN 16°13ʹ56ʺE)

    Szentgotthàrd Szentgotthàrd [St Gotthard], Vas, Hungary (46°57ʹ09ʺN 16°16ʹ25ʺE)

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