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The wars of 1735–9, 1768–74 and 1787–92

? John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (1702-49)

Dniester and order of battle, 1738

Number 1. Plan of how the Avant guard of the Russian Army / was attacked by the Turkish and Tartarish troops on the / 23.th of July 1738 as it advanced towards the Dniester. / Number 2. Plan of the same days... 1738 or later

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper; six plans and order of battle drawn on two sheets of paper which were pasted together before the maps were drawn | Scale: not stated. 1:10,000 approx. | RCIN 728017

Maps of the operations of the Russian army on the banks of the Dniester between 23 July and 1 August 1738. Russo-Turkish War (1735-9).

These maps may be in Crawford's own hand. A copy of this set of maps does not appear in a manuscript journal of Crawford's experiences in the Russo-Turkish War of 1736-9 which is preserved in the American Philosophical Society: Journal of a voyage from the Thames to Russia and of campaigning with the Russian army, 1738-1739. 1738-1739. 2 volumes, 438 pp. Mss.947.L64. According to the APS catalogue (last accessed 30 June 2016).: ‘The maps in the volume were drawn by Henry Kopp, secretary and draughtsman for Lord Crawford. They are inscribed to George II, King of England; Lord Loudoun, etc. The actual dates on which the maps were drawn is conjectural. These volumes were most probably prepared for Earl Crawford between 1743 and 1747 so they could be better seen and studied in the family's muniment room. Purchased from the library of Benjamin Franklin, 1803. John Lindsay, earl of Crawford and Lindsay (1702-1749), was a soldier. A Scotsman, he fought all over Europe. He was a captain in the British army and was permitted to join the Imperial army under Prince Eugene. In 1738 he received the rank of general from the Czarina Anna and fought against the Turks. He returned to the imperial forces and continued to fight until the Peace of London of 1748’ [presumably the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle 1748.]. The journal and maps were reproduced in a volume by Richard Rolt, published in London in 1753, entitled Memoirs of the life of James Lindesay, Earl of Craufurd and Lindesay.

  • ? John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (1702-49) (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, the figure ‘4’ below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 261

    Condition: three fold lines; one crease line; old repair to old tear, left edge; 10.4 cm tear to bottom of left fold; cut to neat line, top right. Verso: induced discolouration; heavy surface dirt along left edge, consistent with having the map having been rolled and tied

  • Scale: not stated. 1:10,000 approx.

    46.5 x 138.8 cm (whole object)

    45.5 x 137.9 cm (image)

    22.1 x 34.1 cm (neatline of map 1)

    21.9 x 34.2 cm (neatline of map 2)

    22.0 x 33.7 cm (neatline of map 3)

    22.0 x 33.7 cm (neatline of map 4)

    22.3 x 34.0 cm (neatline of map 5)

    22.3 x 34.0 cm (neatline of map 6)

    21.8 x 36.4 cm (neatline of order of battle)

  • Manuscript title:

    Number 1. Plan of how the Avant guard of the Russian Army / was attacked by the Turkish and Tartarish troops on the / 23.th of July 1738 as it advanced towards the Dniester. / Number 2. Plan of the same days Action as the Enemy were made / to retire in the afternoon. / Number 3. Plan of how the Rear guard of the Russian army was / attack'd by the Turkish, & Tartarish Troops on the 26.th / of July 1738, as it advanced to the Dniester. / Number 4. Plan of how the Russian & Turkish Army were Incamp'd / upon the Banks of the Dniester, and how they Bombarded / and Can[n]onaded one another the Night betwixt the 28. / and 29.th of July 1738. The yeallow figure within the / green denoteing how they were incampd before they retreat.d / Number 5. As the Turkish and Tartarish Armys attackd the Russian / when in retreat from the Dniester on the 30.th July 1738. / Number 6. As the Russian army incamp'd while it was a passing / the Rivulet Billotch and as it was when the Turks & / Tartars attackd their foragers on the 1.st August 1738. [no overall title; six maps and one order of battle on one sheet. Titles of the individual maps appear, bottom, right of centre, under the heading 'Explanation'.]

    Inset:

    Ordre de Battaile de L'Armée Principale de Sa Majesté Imperiale de Toutes Les Russies / L'Anné 1738. [bottom centre]

    Additional text:

    Explanation. / of the above Plan, showing the last Six Actions / and most Critical Situations as described in the Journal / of the Russian Army, with the positions of the Otto / = man troops the said days when in March, to, and / retreating from the Dniester. [bottom, left of order of battle, a key, A-I, K-T, V-Z]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Operations of the Dniester and Order of Battle in 1738.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [below a decorative ink drawing of the coat of arms of George II, flanked by a scene of a Turkish army (left) and (on the right) the Russian army:] Plan / of the Operations of the Russian Army upon the Bankes of the Dniester in the year 1738 / Most humbly Dedicated / To His Majesty George 2.d King of Great Brittain France & Irland &c &c &c / By a most Devoted Servant, C [a 2.3 cm space] d [i.e. ‘Crawford’: John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dniester Six drawn Plans of the Operations of the Russian Army on the Banks of the Dniester in 1738; with an Order of Battle of the Russian Army under Count Munich in 1738: By C ...... d (the Earl of Craufurd?). 2 sheets. [The same entry appears under the heading Order of Battle.]

  • Probably presented by the author to George II (1683-1760); subsequently probably acquired by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II, and then acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Dnestr, River [Ukraine]

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