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The wars of 1735–9, 1768–74 and 1787–92

? John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (1702-49)

Map and order of battle of Panzova, 1739, Austrian army

Plan / of the Action by / Panzova, betwixt the / Roman Imperial Army / and a Bodie of / Turkish-Cavallery, Comanded... 1739 or later

Pencil, ink and watercolour on two sheets of paper, previously joined | Scale: not stated. 1:6,000 approx. | RCIN 728021

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A large-scale map of the Austrian and Turkish encampments and action near Panzova on 30 July 1739. Russo-Turkish War (1735-9). Oriented with east to top.

The attribution to John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford, in the old catalogue is presumably made on stylistic grounds. The writer of the present catalogue agrees that this map is drawn in the same hand as that of RCINs 728017 and 728020.

Panzova stands on a bluff overlooking the Timiş, a tributary of the Danube, its junction with which is shown on the right (south) of this map. The draughtsman has taken care to distinguish between different types of vegetation, using different symbols to identify at least five categories. In the absence of a key these can only be guessed at, but they are likely to represent short, rough pasture providing relatively firm goings; wet carr (alder scrub) which would prove an obstacle to heavy traffic and may be the reason for the depiction of what would appear to be a boardwalk type route which is depicted bottom left; hillocky ground on the islands; cultivated land, shown by fields with parallel lines suggesting ridge and furrow; and what appears to be a dried up old river meander, filled with stipple and scrub symbols. The Russian camp is shown bottom left, and the battle is raging to the north-east. This map has clearly come from a volume which may have had other plans in it.

The order of battle gives no information about names of regiments or commanding officers and shows merely the disposition of infantry (red) and cavalry (yellow).

Another copy of this map, in a different hand, is preserved in HStAM Karten WHK 20/47 (Wilhelmshöher Kriegskarten in the Staatsarchivs Marburg).

  • ? John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (1702-49) (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Mark, stamped: 265

    Condition: two fold lines; trimmed. Verso: surface dirt along edges; remains of former guard along central vertical fold

  • Scale: not stated. 1:6,000 approx.

    55.4 x 75.9 cm (neatline)

    57.8 x 77.3 cm (image)

    57.4 x 78.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan / of the Action by / Panzova, betwixt the / Roman Imperial Army, / and a Bodie of / Turkish-Cavallery, Comanded by the Tosh / Basha, on the 30th of / July 1739. [top left, in rococo cartouche]

    Inset:

    Order of Battle of the Imperial / Army as at Panzova. [bottom centre, in rococo cartouche]

    Additional text:

    Turkish Camp / and Root by which / the Tosh Basha / Retreated / after the Action / towardes Vipalanka. [top right, in rococo cartouche, near the location of the Turkish camp]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Action of Panzova 30 July 1739.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom centre, red pencil:] 7/[?]; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] VIII/22; [bottom, black pencil, erased and partly legible: the old heading?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Panzova A drawn Plan of the Action of Panzova between the Imperial Army and a body of Turkish Cavalry commanded by the Tosh Basha on the 30.th of July 1739. [2 sheets (drawn by the Earl of Craufurd?).]

  • Probably presented by the author to George II (1683-1760); subsequently probably acquired by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II, and then acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Pančevo, Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina, Serbia (44°52'15"N 20°38'25"E)

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