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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Carangoly, 1759

Carangoly, Surrender’d Dec:r 10,th 1759 1759 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:2,000 approx. | RCIN 732126

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A plan of Carangoly Fort and the British attack, 8-10 December 1759. Seven Years War (1756-63). Oriented with south-east to top (cardinal points). 

The attribution to Pleydell is made on stylistic grounds. This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732125, 733001-8, 733016.a, 733020, 733027, 733028. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown; there is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India.

  • ? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 896

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: brown discolouration along top edge; induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:2,000 approx.

    24.3 x 33.3 cm (neatline)

    24.3 x 45.9 cm (image)

    30.7 x 50.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Carangoly, Surrender’d Dec:r 10,th 1759. [bottom centre, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [left, down left side of map, in rectangular panel, a key, A-E, to troop positions and batteries, and a brief account of the recent military of the place from 1758 to the surrender in December 1759.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Carangoly 8-10 Dec. 1759.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, ink:] IV/70./N:o 2; [along left edge, black pencil, erased:] Carangoly 8-10 Dec. 1759. (Verso) [along right edge, black pencil, erased and now illegible.]; [top left, black pencil, erased:] XVI/[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Carangoly A drawn Plan of the Fort of Carangoly, attacked by the English Army under the command of Col.l Coote, the 8.th and taken the 10.th of Dec.r 1759.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Karunguli, Tamil Nadu, India (12°33'00"N 79°54'00"E)

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