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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

Richard Dudgeon (active 1748-d.1766)

Encampment at Fort Ligonier, 1758

PLAN / OF THE / RETRENCH’D CAMP / AT / FORT LIGONIER 1758 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:1,200. | RCIN 732073.a

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A plan of the British camp at Fort Ligonier, 1758. French and Indian War (1754-63). Oriented with east-south-east to top (cardinal points). 

The encamped positions of the following regiments are shown: 1st and 2nd Battalion, Pennsylvanians; Marylanders and Carolina Men; Royal Artillery; 1st and 2nd Virginia Regiments; Royal Americans; 1st Highland Battalion; Indians. The redoubt was not finished, and the dam for the intended saw mill had been constructed. A note at the bottom of the Reference states that the 'Retrenchment & Redoubts are made of Logs & Fraiz'd at Top.'

The draughtsman of this map, Richard Dudgeon, saw service at the siege of Louisbourg (8 June-26 July 1758), and may have made this map, which may be a copy of another, while in North America.

  • Richard Dudgeon (active 1748-d.1766) (draughtsman) [top left, below scale bar:] Rich:d Dudgeon Eng:r.

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily, the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 859

    Condition: one fold line; small tear to bottom of fold repaired with gauze on verso; small tear to lower right edge; surface dirt on both sides. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:1,200. Scale bar: Scale of 100 Feet to one Inch [110 mm =] 400.

    42.8 x 55.2 cm (neatline)

    43.3 x 55.7 cm (image)

    44.4 x 56.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / OF THE / RETRENCH’D CAMP / AT / FORT LIGONIER. [top left]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title and scale bar, a key, A-I, K-N, to the details on the map:] REFERENCE.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Fort Ligonier 1758.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil, partly erased:] XII/[4-z]. (Verso) [bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] 12 [or ‘13’].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Ligonier, Fort A drawn Plan of the intrenched camp at Fort Ligonier, 1758. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Ligonier, Pennsylvania, USA (40°14'35"N 79°14'15"W)

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