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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

Hugh Debbieg (1731-1810)

Encampment at Montmorency, 1759

PLAN of Montmorency Camp / taken possession of ye 8th July at night c.1759

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:4,800 | RCIN 732104

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A map of the encampment at Montmorency, 8 July 1759. French and Indian War (1754-63). Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points). 

The style of cartography is very similar to that practised by the draughtsmen, including Hugh Debbieg, on the Military Survey of Scotland (1747-55), but the lettering, and the rendering of the vegetation and relief appears to be in Mackellar's hand. This map formed part of the compilation materials for RCIN 732100. This encampment site is now covered by the town of Boischatel and the outline of the square redoubt overlooking the Falls can still be seen today.

  • Patrick Mackellar (1717-78) (draughtsman) [bottom right, below border:] Pat Mackellar Major & Chief Engr.

    Hugh Debbieg (1731-1810) (surveyor) [bottom right of title panel:] Survey’d by Capt Debbieg Engr.

  • Watermark: None

    Mark, stamped: 879

    Condition: no fold lines; several small tears repaired with paper on verso before being laid down on linen; surface dirt

  • Scale: 1:4,800. Scale bar: Scale 400 Feet to an Inch [141 mm =] 2400.

    30.7 x 45.6 cm (neatline)

    32.4 x 46.2 cm (image)

    34.5 x 49.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of Montmorency Camp / taken possession of ye 8th July at night. [bottom right, in plain rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, below title, in title panel, a key, a-d, to the military features on the map.]


    George III heading: Encampment at Montmorency 8 July 1759.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink, obscured by linen backing, some illegible words].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Montmorency A drawn Plan of Montmorency Camp taken possession of the of July 1759: by Major Pat. Mackellar chief Eng.r from a Survey by Capt.n Debbieg Eng.r [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Boischatel, Quebec, Canada (46°53'39"N 71°08'41"W)

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