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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Fort Ligonier, 1758

Plan of the Retrench’d Camp at / Fort Ligonier, / 1758 1758 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:1,200 approx. | RCIN 732072

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A plan of the British camp at Fort Ligonier, 1758. French and Indian War (1754-63). Oriented with north to top (cardinal points). 

Indian camps and hospitals are marked together with the positions of the camps of the Royal Americans, 1st and 2nd Virginian regiments, 1st Highland Battalion, 1st and 2nd Battalion Pennsylvanians, Maryland and Carolinians, and the artillery.

There is no record of J.C. Pleydell having been in North America and so this map must have been copied by him from another, perhaps at a much later date. Pleydell's style of cartography reflects his experience on the Military Survey of Scotland (1747-55) which he joined in the 1750s.

  • John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside neatline:] J.C. Pleydell.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: [I VILLEDARY]

    Mark, stamped: 858

    Condition: four fold lines; worn and torn along folds; formerly separated into two pieces because of wear along central vertical fold; now repaired by linen backing

  • Scale: 1:1,200 approx. Scale bar: Scale of 400 Feet [101 mm =].

    36.2 x 51.7 cm (image and neatline)

    39.7 x 55.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan of the Retrench’d Camp at / Fort Ligonier, / 1758. [top right]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Fort Ligonier 1758.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) none visible.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment A drawn Plan of the entrenched Camp at Fort Ligonier, 1758: by J.C. Pleydell. [The same entry appears under the heading Ligonier, Fort.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Ligonier, Pennsylvania, USA (40°14'35"N 79°14'15"W)

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