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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

Anonymous

Le Palais, 1761

PLAN / of the / CITADEL and TOWN of PALAIS / BELLE-ISLE c.1761

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:4,800 approx. | RCIN 733029

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A plan of the town and citadel of Belle Isle, besieged and taken by the British, commanded by Major-General Studholme Hodgson (Master of the Horse to the Duke of Cumberland; 1707/8-1798), between 2 May and 7 June 1761. Seven Years War (1756-63). Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points).

The style of the map is typical of the Board of Ordnance Drawing Room in the Tower of London and may have been copied from an original for distribution to senior military officers.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: I H S [cross on H] above IVILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 924

    Condition: one fold line; 4.0 cm tear, bottom centre; brown discolouration to both sides; double pin holes to three corners. Verso: bottom, right of centre, shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label?

  • Scale: 1:4,800 approx. Scale bar: Scale 400 Feet to an Inch [181 mm =] One Half Mile.

    51.1 x 72.8 cm (neatline)

    51.6 x 73.3 cm (image)

    53.3 x 75.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / of the / CITADEL and TOWN of PALAIS / BELLE-ISLE. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title, in title panel, a key, A-I, K-R, to the bastions, redoubts, and gates:] REFERENCES.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Palais 2 May - 7 June 1761.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 60 [over] B.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Palais A drawn Plan of the Citadel and Town of Palais in Belle Isle attacked by the English under the command of General Hodgson on the 2.d of May and taken on the 7.th of June 1761.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Belle Île, Brittany, France (47°20'45"N 03°09'14"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    H.M. Chichester, ‘Hodgson, Studholme (1707/8–1798)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004; online edn, Oct 2009.

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