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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

? William Roy (1726-90)

March routes, 1756, England, South

MARCH ROUTE of the Eight HESSIAN BATTAL:IONS / With their Cantonment in Hampshire, Wiltshire, Sussex &c. / Ap: 26: 1756 1756 or later

Pencil, pen, black and red ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: not stated. | RCIN 731071

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A map of the march route of Hessian battalions in Hampshire, Wiltshire and Sussex, 1756. Seven Years War (1756-63). Oriented with north to top.

The first military action of the Seven Years War, in which England supported Prussia against Austria, France, Russia, Sweden and Saxony, began with an offensive launched by Frederick of Prussia on 29 August 1756. Long before this, it had become apparent that war was inevitable - the French had already landed on Minorca in April. In the meantime, Cumberland, in order to strengthen his army, had drafted Hessian troops from Germany to the south of England. This small map shows the proposed landing places and destinations of the Hessian troops. Although not signed by William Roy, it was originally housed in Portfolio D of Col. Robert Napier's map collection, the catalogue of which (Royal Archives Cumberland Papers Vol.6/1) describes ‘C[ol.] Roy’ as the author.

  • ? William Roy (1726-90) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Pro Patria

    Mark, stamped: 784

    Condition: three fold lines, discoloured and worn along folds

  • Scale: not stated. 1:761,900 approx.

    13.4 x 15.1 cm (neatline of map)

    27.7 x 15.4 cm (image)

    27.8 x 15.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    MARCH ROUTE of the Eight HESSIAN BATTAL:IONS / With their Cantonment in Hampshire, Wiltshire, Sussex &c. / Ap: 26: 1756 [across top of tables and map, in rectangular panel]


    George III heading: March and Cantonment in Hampshire 26 April 1756.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] XV/32-a.

    George III catalogue entry:

    March. A drawn Map of Hampshire, with the March Route and Cantonment of the Eight Hessian Battalions in Hampshire, Wiltshire, Sussex &c. 26 April 1756. [The same entry appears under the headings Hampshire and Cantonments.]

  • From Portfolio D of the map collection of Lieutenant-General Robert Napier (c.1703-November 1766), Secretary for Military Affairs to Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland [RA Vol.6/10]. Subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


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