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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

Anonymous

Siege of Meppen, 1761

PLAИ / de / Meppen prise par S.A.S. / le prince de Condé le 3 8.bre / 1761 1761 or later

Pencil, ink and watercolour on two pieces of paper, joined | Scale: 1:3,500 approx. | RCIN 733037.b

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A plan of the fortress of Meppen besieged and taken by the French on 4 October 1761 under the command of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé (1736-1818). Seven Years War (1756-63). Oriented with east-south-east to top (cardinal points).

The attack on Meppen was part of the wider French attempt during 1761 to take Hanover. On 4 October the 500-strong Allied garrison of Meppen surrendered to the French. This plan, which distinguishes between marshy (prairie marécageux), cultivated or grazing ground (dark green) and rough grazing or solid ground (light brown), shows the positions of the French park of artillery, and the left and right parallels, the batteries and their lines of fire, and communications.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Cropped: fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ below; [and] D & C BLAUW

    Mark, stamped: 934

    Condition: eleven fold lines: two sets of folds; abrasions to surface, bottom left, where two lines have been erased. Verso: paint smudges; induced discolouration; surface dirt

  • Scale: 1:3,500 approx. Scale bar: echelle de 100. toises [55 mm =].

    32.3 x 52.3 cm (neatline)

    32.8 x 64.0 cm (image)

    33.0 x 64.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAИ / de / Meppen prise par S.A.S. / le prince de Condé le 3 8.bre / 1761. [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [right, below title in rectangular panel, a key, 1-11, to the redoubts, bastions, gates and bridge of the fortification, and another key, 1-10, to the field fortifications and batteries of the attack.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Meppen, 3 Oct. 1761.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink:] Meppen Sur Lems.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Meppen Plan dessiné de Meppen prise par le Prince de Condé, le 3 Oct.re 1761.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Meppen, Lower Saxony, Germany (52°41'26"N 07°17'27"E)

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