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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Dettingen, 1743

PLAN de la Bataille de DETTINGEN / donnée le 27me Juin, entre l'Armée Alliée, Commandée / par Sa Majesté le Roy de la Grande Bretagne / et celle de la France / Commandée par le Marechall / Duc de Noaille 1743 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:38,400 approx. | RCIN 728095

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A map of the camps and movements of the British and French armies before, during, and after the Battle of Dettingen, 19-27 June 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top.

The Battle of Dettingen, in which the British defeated the French, was the last in which a British Monarch (George II, 1683-1760) took part, and the first in which William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the King's third son, saw active service. Cumberland received a serious wound in the calf which was to trouble him for the rest of his life: a shot had left a hole ‘as big as a hen's egg and the extremities of some of the muscle which it had torn asunder in its passage were quite drove out of the wound’.

The map covers the banks of the Main from Gross Klotzen (Großkrotzenburg 50°05'00"N 08°59'00"E) in the north-west to Oberau (49°56'13"N 09°07'54"E) in the south-east. March routes are shown.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: The initials IV

    Mark, stamped: 322

    Condition: no fold lines; 9 cm tear to right edge; top right corner cut off. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:38,400 approx.

    26.7 x 51.7 cm (neatline)

    27.3 x 52.2 cm (image)

    28.4 x 53.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN de la Bataille de DETTINGEN / donnée le 27me Juin, entre l'Armée Alliée, Commandée / par Sa Majesté le Roy de la Grande Bretagne / et celle de la France / Commandée par le Marechall / Duc de Noaille. [top centre, in cartouche representing draped material]

    Additional text:

    Explication du Camp d’Aschaffenbourg / le 18me Juin le Detachement de 12 Esquadr: / et 20 Bataillons, sous le Commandement / du General Claiton, occupa la Ville / d’Aschaffenbourg et le Pont sur le / Main. [top left, in rectangular panel, a key to the camps on 18 June]; [Bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key to the letters on the map indicating the location of George II’s arrival on 19 June at Aschaffenburg, the march routes, and the battle.] 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Dettingen 27 June 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] IX/[?]; [bottom right, red pencil:] 7/67 [the ‘67’ is struck out in black pencil].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dettingen Plan dessiné de la Bataille de Dettingen, donnée le 27 Juin 1743 entre l’Armée Alliée commandée par le Roy de la Grande Bretagne, et celle de France commandée par le Marechal de Noailles.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany (50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E)

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