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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Georg Josua du Plat (1722-95)

Battle of Dettingen, 1743

PLAN / Der Bataille bey Detlingen So [?] 27ten Juny. 1743 / Zwischen der Alliirten und Frantzöschen Armée / gehalten worden 1743 or later

Pencil, pen, ink, and watercolour on paper | Scale: no scale given. 1:66,000 approx. | RCIN 728096

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A map of the camps, movements, of the British and French armies before, during and after the Battle of Dettingen, 17-27 June 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top.

The map covers the banks of the Main from Gross Klotzen (Großkrotzenburg 50°05'00"N 08°59'00"E) in the north-west to Oberau (49°56'13"N 09°07'54"E) in the south-east. March routes are shown.

The Battle of Dettingen, in which the British defeated the French, was the last in which a British Monarch (George II, 1683-1760) took part, and the first in which William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the King's third son, saw active service. Cumberland received a serious wound in the calf which was to trouble him for the rest of his life: a shot had left a hole ‘as big as a hen's egg and the extremities of some of the muscle which it had torn asunder in its passage were quite drove out of the wound’.

  • Georg Josua du Plat (1722-95) (surveyor and draughtsman) [top centre, below title and text:] dessiné au point de vüe / par. G: J: Du Plat.; [bottom right, inside neatline:] Du Plat Adjoudant du Regiment / de [rars]: le Cóllonell de Borch.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Mark, stamped: 323

    Condition: two fold lines. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: no scale given. 1:66,000 approx.

    18.6 x 29.5 cm (image and neatline)

    21.7 x 32.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / Der Bataille bey Detlingen So [?] 27ten Juny. 1743 / Zwischen der Alliirten und Frantzöschen Armée / gehalten worden. [top centre, in ornamental cartouche embellished with the artefacts of war]

    Additional text:

    Explication der Buchstaben [top, left and right of title, in extensions of title cartouche, a key, a-i, k-n to the HQ of George II, the camps, batteries, field fortifications, pontoon bridges, etc., of the Allied army]; EXTRACT / Des Verlüsts dieser Bataille. [bottom right, in a cartouche, numbers of the strength of each army] 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Dettingen 27 June 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, red pencil:] 7/69 [the ‘69’ is struck out in black pencil.].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dettingen Plan der Bataille bey Dettingen so den 27 Juny 1743 zwischen der Allurten und Frantzoschen Armée gehalten worden: von G.I. du Plat. drawn.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany (50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E)

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