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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Dettingen, 1743

Plan / Der Situation das Lagers item die … Action bey dettingen von den Alÿrten Troupen … / dem frantzosen 1743 or later

Pencil, pen, black and red ink on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:48,400 approx. | RCIN 728099

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An unfinished sketch map of the camps and movements of the British and French armies before, during and after the Battle of Dettingen, 17-27 June 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top.

The map covers the banks of the Main from Seligenstadt (50°02'35"N 08°58'26"E) in the north-west to Aschaffenburg (49°58'37"N 09°09'07"E) in the south-east.

The Battle of Dettingen, in which the British defeated the French, was the last in which a British Monarch (George II, 1683-1760) took part, and the first in which William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the King's third son, saw active service. Cumberland received a serious wound in the calf which was to trouble him for the rest of his life: a shot had left a hole ‘as big as a hen's egg and the extremities of some of the muscle which it had torn asunder in its passage were quite drove out of the wound’.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: PRO PATRIA

    Mark, stamped: 326

    Condition: verso: discoloured; water-stained patch from the removal of Cumberland’s cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:48,400 approx.

    27.9 x 36.4 cm (image)

    31.2 x 37.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan / Der Situation das Lagers item die … Action bey dettingen von den Alÿrten Troupen … / dem frantzosen. [bottom left, in rectangular panel, in almost illegible and faint black pencil]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, below title, also in almost illegible black pencil, a key A-H, J, to the military features on the map.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Dettingen 27 June 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 5/12. (Verso) [top right, obscured by linen backing, ink?:] Dettingen; [right, along edge, black pencil:] Dettingen June 16/17 1743; [bottom left, black pencil, obscured by linen backing:] 12?

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dettingen A rough Sketch of the same Plan [i.e. RCIN 728098]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany (50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E)

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