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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Dettingen, 1743

PLAN / Von der Situation und dem Lager der Alliirten Armée bey Aschaffenburg, item von der den 27. Junii. / 1743. zwischen derselben und der Frantzösischen vorgefallenen Action bey Dettingen 1743 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:48,400 approx. | RCIN 728098

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A map of the camps and movements of the British and French armies before, during and after the Battle of Dettingen, 17-27 June 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top.

The Battle of Dettingen, in which the British defeated the French, was the last in which a British Monarch (George II, 1683-1760) took part, and the first in which William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the King's third son, saw active service. Cumberland received a serious wound in the calf which was to trouble him for the rest of his life: a shot had left a hole ‘as big as a hen's egg and the extremities of some of the muscle which it had torn asunder in its passage were quite drove out of the wound’.

The map covers the banks of the Main from Seligenstadt (50°02'35"N 08°58'26"E) in the north-west to Aschaffenburg (49°58'37"N 09°09'07"E) in the south-east.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: C & I HONIG [and] PRO PATRIA

    Mark, stamped: 325

    Condition: four fold lines; formerly folded to 15.1 x 10.3 cm; worn along folds. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:48,400 approx. Scale bar: Maastab von Einer Stunde. [140 mm =].

    29.2 x 37.3 cm (image and neatline)

    30.6 x 38.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / Von der Situation und dem Lager der Alliirten Armée bey Aschaffenburg, item von der den 27. Junii. / 1743. zwischen derselben und der Frantzösischen vorgefallenen Action bey Dettingen. [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, below title, a numerical key, I-XIV, to the positions of the British, Hanoverian and Austrian, and French camps and artillery and the movements during the battle.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Dettingen 27 June 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, cropped, red pencil:] 7/[?]; [black pencil, cropped:] IX/[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dettingen Plan von der Situation und dem Lager der Allurten Armée bey Aschaffenburg, item von der den 27 Junii 1743 zwischen derselben und der Frantzosischen vorgefallenen Action bey Dettingen. drawn.

  •  

    Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany (50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E)

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