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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

Les Premiers Traits du Dessin de l'Attaque des Hauts Alieés / contre le Francois, proche de S.t Antoine sur l'Escaut, donne le 11e Maÿ 1745 1745 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:31,000 approx. | RCIN 729098

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A map of the several positions of the Allied army during the first phase of the Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, fought between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

This shows the same information as RCIN 729097. It is possible that one, or both maps were drawn by Hanoverian officers: the explanatory text refers to the actions of the regiments of Zastrow, Spörcken, Campen, Böselager and Oberg, which were not mentioned in Hancko's texts (RCINs 729093-6). There are other differences between this and Hancko's map, such as the deployment in order of battle of French troops on the plain in front of St Antoine, which would not have been possible for the Allied army to see.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Mark, stamped: 439

    Condition: four fold lines; top right corner cut off. Verso: induced discolouration; surface dirt

  • Scale: not stated. 1:31,000 approx.

    17.0 x 21.2 cm (neatline)

    32.4 x 21.6 cm (image)

    35.1 x 24.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Les Premiers Traits du Dessin de l'Attaque des Hauts Alieés / contre le Francois, proche de S.t Antoine sur l'Escaut, donne le 11e Maÿ 1745. [bottom, below map in rectangular panel of text]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below title, in title panel, a key, A-I, K-U, W, X, to the troop positions and movements.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 9/27-4 [the ‘27-4’ is crossed through in black pencil]; [bottom left, black pencil:] X/52-b; [top left, black pencil, erased:] Fontenoy.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Les premiers traits du dessin de l'Attaque des Hauts Alliés contre les Francois, proche de S.t Antoine sur l'Escaut, le 11 Mai 1745. MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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