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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

PLAN / du / CHAMP de BATAILLE / DE FONTENOI. / Avec la Disposition de / l'Armée Francoise / Avant le Combat / le 11 Maÿ 1745 c.1745

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: 1:9,900 approx. | RCIN 729091

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A map of the disposition of the French army before the Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, fought between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice de Saxe (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented, from the French viewpoint, with south-east to top (cardinal points).

This would appear to have been made by a French cartographer: only the French positions are shown, extending from Ramecroix (50°35'44"N 03°28'25"E) and Gaurin (50°35'21"N 03°29'16"E) in the north, in a south-south-west direction to Fontenoy, with one line at right angles between Fontenoy and Anthoin (Antoing 50°34'03"N 03°26'57"E) to the west. Vezon (50°34'09"N 03°30'16"E) and Bourgeon (50°33'41"N 03°28'46"E) mark the limits of the Bois de Barry, more extensive than in the present day.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the entwined letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 433

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: induced discolouration; bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:9,900 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 600 Verges du Rhin [228 mm =].

    53.8 x 74.8 cm (image)

    52.5 x 61.6 cm (neatline)

    53.9 x 74.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du / CHAMP de BATAILLE / DE FONTENOI. / Avec la Disposition de / l'Armée Francoise / Avant le Combat / le 11 Maÿ 1745. [bottom left, in rococo cartouche, embellished with the artefacts of war]

    Additional text:

    Renvoÿ. [right, in rectangular panel down right side of map, a key, 1-65, to the geographical and military features, troop dispositions, etc., shown on the map]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745. [on white paper strip on verso, ink];

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 37. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 13; [top right, obscured by linen backing, ink or black pencil:] 37; [top right, black pencil, obscured by linen backing:] C; [right centre, red pencil:] 13.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Plan dessiné du Champ de Bataille de Fontenoy avec la Disposition de l'Armée Francoise avant le Combat, le 11 Mai 1745.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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