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War of the Austrian Succession (1740-8)

Includes much of the mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, as Captain General of the British army


Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

PLAN of the ATTACK of the HIGH ALLIES against the French near the Village of Fontenoy, commanded by / His Royal Highness the Duke of CUMBERLAND, on the...

published 1745

Etching and engraving; letterpress text printed on one sheet of paper; hand-coloured | Scale: not stated. 1:20,000 approx. | RCIN 729096

A map of the Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, fought between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). Oriented with west to top.

This map is based on an original by Hancko, examples of which are at RCINs 729093-5. This printed map is consistent with the military detail shown in Hancko's manuscripts at RCINs 729094 and 729095.

The map shows the first position of the Allied army, which set off from Briffoeil camp (see RCIN 729086) at break of day, as it reached the plain west of Vezon and Maubray. The British and Hanoverians went by way of Vezon, and the Dutch marched through Maubray. The first reconnaissance positions of a battalion commanded by Waldeck, in the Bois de Barry are indicated, together with their second position assaulting Fontenoy. The two parts of the Allied Army - the British and Hanoverian troops - funneled between Fontenoy and the wood, and the Dutch between Antoing and Fontenoy, are clearly shown.

The entrenched and fortified positions of the French at Antoing, Fontenoy, and an 18-gun battery to the north of Fontenoy are indicated as is the square formed by the French on retreating, and the disposition by Ligonier of rearguard troops to protect the Allied retreat.

  • François Hancko (active 1741-8) (cartographer) [bottom left of map, outside neatline, engraved:] Hanck, Ingineer, fecit

    Paul Fourdrinier (1698-1758) (engraver) [bottom right, outside neatline, engraved:] P. Fourdrinier Sculp.

    Roberts, J (publisher) [bottom, below text, letterpress:] London: Printed for J. Roberts in Warwick-Lane, 1745. (Price 1s. plain, coloured 2s.)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below

    Condition: no fold lines; a long tear through the text, bottom centre; creased; torn along one of the creases, top left; small tear to top margin. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:20,000 approx.

    38.9 x 27.0 cm (image)

    47.4 x 27.0 cm (image including text)

    40.3 x 28.6 cm (platemark)

    36.9 x 27.0 cm (neatline)

    49.8 x 31.7 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN of the ATTACK of the HIGH ALLIES against the French near the Village of Fontenoy, commanded by / His Royal Highness the Duke of CUMBERLAND, on the 11th of May, N.S. 1745. [bottom, below map, letterpress text]

    Additional text:

    English, Red. Hanoverians, Yellow. Dutch, Orange. Austrians, Green. French, Blue. [bottom, below map and title, a key, A-D, F, G, I, K-N, P-U, W, to the positions of the troops, with a key to the colouring]


    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 9/35 [the ‘35’ is crossed through in black pencil]; [bottom left, black pencil:] X/63.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Plan of the Attack of the High Allies commanded by the Duke of Cumberland, against the French, near the Village of Fontenoy, on the of May 1745: by Hancko Eng.engraved by Fourdrinier, 1745.

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

Page revisions

  • 14 March 2024