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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johan Gottfried Mercker (active 1747)

Battle of Lafelt, 1747

PLAN / De l'Action de Lafeld, donnée le 2me Juil 1747 c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:42,200 approx. | RCIN 730133

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A map of the Battle of Lafelt, fought on 2 July 1747 between the French army, commanded by Marshal Maurice Saxe (1696-1750) and the Allied army (Great Britain, Hanover, Austria, Dutch Republic), commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), Karl Josef Batthyány (1697-1772) and the Prince of Waldeck (1704-63) resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south to top (compass rose).

The draughtsman appears to have signed himself ‘J.G. Mercker’ and not ‘Merckens’, as the George III catalogue entry states.

  • Johan Gottfried Mercker (active 1747) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside text panel:] J.G. Mercker.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 626

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: top left, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label: the linen backing has shrunk as a result of the soaking

  • Scale: 1:42,200 approx. Scale bar: Echelle d'une lieu de Braband [97 mm =] 5000 pas.

    22.1 x 37.5 cm (neatline)

    30.3 x 38.0 cm (image)

    31.9 x 39.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / De l'Action de Lafeld, donnée le 2me Juil 1747. [bottom centre, below map, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below title, in title panel, a key, A-I, K-U, W-Ÿ, to the positions and movements of the armies during the battle.]


    George III heading: Battle of Laffeldt 2 July 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil, in [Schultz's or Mason's hand]: 28; [top right, ink or black pencil, crossed out in red pencil and obscured by white paper strip:] Laffeldt; [centre, red pencil:] 28.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Laffeldt Plan dessiné de l'Action de Lafeld donnée le 2 Juillet 1747: par J.G. Merckens Ing.r

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Lafelt, Limburg, Belgium (50°49'49"N 05°36'43"E)

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