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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

? JC Treu (active 1745)

Battle of Raucoux, 1746

PLAN / De l’Action qui s’est donnée le 11me. d’Octobre 1746, entre / les Hauts=Alliés et les François près de Liége / DE MÊME, / Du Camp de l’Armée Alliée, qu’elle occupa le 7me du dit Mois. / avec les Environs 1746 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on two sheets of paper, joined; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:34,700 approx. | RCIN 730074

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A map of the encampments of the Allied army on 7 October and the Battle of Raucoux fought on 11 October 1746 between the French army, commanded by Marshal Maurice de Saxe (1696-1750) and the Allied army commanded by Charles of Lorraine (1712-80), General John Ligonier (1680-1770) and Karl August, Prince of Waldeck (1704-63), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west-north-west to top (compass rose).

The area covered extends for a distance of about 14 km from Fauxbourg St Gilles (50°37'41"N 05°32'44"E), Ance (Ans 50°39'44"N 05°31'13"E), and Aleur (Alleur 50°40'28"N 05°30'47"E) in the south to Sleus (Sluizen 50°45'54"N 05°31'52"E), Glaen (Glons 50°45'11"N 05°32'44"E), Else (Elst 50°46'06"N 05°33'29"E), Büerien (Boirs 50°45'10"N 05°34'45"E), Röekling (Roclenge-Sur-Geer 50°45'24"N 05°35'40"E), and Baisenie (Bassenge 50°45'31"N 05°36'35"E) in the north; also from Péve (Paifve 50°43'41"N 05°31'24"E) in the west to Oupey (Oupeye 50°42'42"N 05°38'48"E), in the east, a distance of about 11 km.

The topographical detail of the map, which includes indications of even slight variations in elevation and numerous roads would appear to be taken from a ground reconnaissance. The tentative attribution to Treu is made on stylistic grounds.

  • ? JC Treu (active 1745) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 568

    Condition: four fold lines; trimmed. Verso: foxing; bottom, left of centre, water-stained patch, shadow, and fragment from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:34,700 approx. Scale bar: [117 mm =] 5000 Pas.

    26.0 x 69.6 cm (neatline)

    26.9 x 70.4 cm (image)

    28.9 x 72.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / De l’Action qui s’est donnée le 11me. d’Octobre 1746, entre / les Hauts=Alliés et les François près de Liége / DE MÊME, / Du Camp de l’Armée Alliée, qu’elle occupa le 7me du dit Mois. / avec les Environs. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [right, in three columns, occupying almost half of the sheet, a key, A-H, J-Z, to the letters on the map, giving a detailed account of the Battle of Raucoux:] RENVOY / C’étoit le 7me Octobre, quand l’Armée / Alliée decampa des Environs de Herderen / vis-à-vis du Camp Ennemi à Tongres, / et passant la Géere à Glaen, que nôtre Arriére- / Garde, Sous les Ordres du Lieutnt General / de Druchtleben fut attaquée et canonée / du Côté de Péve, par un Corps ennemi détaché, / alors êtoit [followed by the key].


    George III heading: [on white paper strip on verso:] Battle of Raucoux 11 Oct.r 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil, in Schultz's hand?]: 76; [bottom right, black pencil:] 76. (Verso) [bottom left, ink, crossed out in red pencil:] Raucoux; [left centre, red pencil:] 51; [top right, ink, in Schultz's hand?, obscured by linen:] Raucoux C.c.1; [bottom right, black pencil, obscured by linen:] 76; [bottom right, black pencil:] 76; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] 51.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Raucoux Plan dessiné de l’Action qui s’est donnée le 11 Octobre 1746 entre les Hauts Alliées et les Francois a Raucoux pres de Liege, de meme du Camp de l’Armée Alliée qu’elle occupa le 7 du dit mois avec les Environs.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Rocourt (Walloon Region, Belgium) 50°40'32"N 05°32'46"E

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