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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Encampment at Avelgem, 1744

Plan du / Campement des Alliez / à Avelghem le 1.re / Octobre N:S: 1744 1744 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:21,000 approx. | RCIN 729049

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army under the command of Duke d'Arenberg at Avelgem, 1 October 1744. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

In the same hand as RCINs 729011-12, 729014, 729017, 729020-22, 729030, 729037-8, 729047-8, 729050-58. Another example of this map, in the same hand, is at RCIN 729050.

The encampment, on the west side of the River Escaut (Scheldt), extends for a distance of about 9.5 km (6 miles) from Avelgem in the north, south-westwards through Hautrive (Outrijve 50°45'27"N 03°25'46"E), Bossutt (Bossuit 50°44'54"N 03°24'29"E), Helchin (Helkijn 50°43'55"N 03°23'02"E) to Espierre (Spiere 50°43'08"N 03°21'22"E). Troops are coloured according to nationality: British (red), Hanoverian (yellow), Dutch (blue), Austrian (green). The British, Hanoverian, Dutch and Austrian artillery park is sited on the east side of the Escaut just north of Esconaffe (Escanaffles 50°45'26"N 03°27'10"E).

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, the name C & IHONIG below; countermark: the letters GR, crown above

    Mark, stamped: 395

    Condition: one fold line; trimmed

  • Scale: not stated. 1:21,000 approx.

    22.4 x 50.6 cm (neatline)

    23.2 x 51.3 cm (image)

    24.6 x 52.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan du / Campement des Alliez / à Avelghem le 1.re / Octobre N:S: 1744. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Avelghem 1 Oct.r 1744.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 8/51; [top left, black pencil:] X/[15].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Avelghem Plan dessiné du Campement des Alliés a Avelghem, le 1 Oct.re 1744. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Avelgem, Flanders, Belgium (50°46'34"N 03°26'42"E)

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