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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Encampment at Briffoeil, 1745

Camp de Briffoel près de Tournay, du 9: au 11. de May 1745 c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on four irregularly shaped pieces of paper; pasted down to the inside of a paper folder | Scale: not stated. 1:14,000 approx. | RCIN 729086

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army, under the command of the Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), at Briffoeil, 9-11 May 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top.

The distance from the camp (8 May) at Moulbaix to Briffoeil is about 12.7 km (7.8 miles). This rough sketch of the camp at Briffoeil shows the positions of the lines of the camp relative to the adjacent settlements of Bonange (Ponange 50°34'18"N 03°33'56"E) in the north, past Baugnies (50°33'37"N 03°33'07"E) and Wames (Wasmes-Audemez-Briffoeil 50°33'19"N 03°32'12"E) to Maubray (50°33'03"N 03°30'14"E) in the south-west.

It was from this camp at Briffoeil, that Cumberland and the Allied army set out in the early morning of 11 May, towards Fontenoy, about 5 km (3.1 miles) north-west and there met the French army, commanded by Maurice of Saxony, in battle.

  • George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman) [top right, following on from title:] Schultz

  • Watermark: Map: horn in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the name L V GERREVINK below. Folder: fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, the letters LVG below; countermark: IV.

    Mark, stamped: 428

    Condition: map: several fold lines; creased and slight surface dirt. Folder: bottom left of front of folder: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label: VOL. VI

  • Scale: not stated. 1:14,000 approx.

    38.1 x 46.3 cm (image of map)

    51.8 x 75.6 cm (sheet, folded to 51.8 x 38.3 cm)

  • Manuscript title:

    Camp de Briffoel près de Tournay, du 9: au 11. de May 1745. [top, right of centre]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Briffoeil - 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: map: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 35; [top, left of centre, black pencil:] 35.; [top, continuation of the title after the word ‘Briffoeil’ is written in Edward Mason's hand]. (Verso) none visible. Folder: None.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné du Campement de l'Armée Alliée a Briffoeil pres de Tournay depuis le 9 jusqu'au 11 Mai 1745: [red ink:] par M. Schultz. [The same entry appears under the heading Briffoeil.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Briffoeil, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°33'03"N 03°33'02"E)

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