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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6)

Encampment at Graben and Dettenheim, 1745

PLAN / De la Situation du Camp qu'un detachement / de l'armée des Alliees sous les ordres du L:G: Geisrück / occupa pres de Graben de meme des ouvrages fait par / les Francois du Cotte de Dettenheim c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:42,000 approx. | RCIN 729149

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A manuscript map of the encampment of the Allied army, and French field works at Graben, 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points with magnetic north).

The area covered by the map extends from Rasenheim (Rußheim 49°11'13"N 08°25'28"E) in the north to Linckenheim (Linkenheim 49°07'31"N 08°24'36"E) in the south, and is bounded by the Rhine on the west. A series of French redoubts which were abandoned after the arrival of the Allies is shown to the east of Dettenheim (49°10'18"N 08°25'27"E).

This map shows the Rhine on its old course, before the river was straightened out. The old catalogue entry refers to the camp being near Philippsburg (49°13'54"N 08°27'38"E). This place is not shown on this map and lies about three miles (4.8 km) to the north of Graben.

  • Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6) (draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] J.C. Treu.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the joined letters WR below; countermark, cropped: [I VILLE]DARY

    Mark, stamped: 478

    Condition: four fold lines; trimmed. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:42,000 approx.

    31.5 x 23.3 cm (neatline)

    33.1 x 23.7 cm (image)

    34.4 x 26.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / De la Situation du Camp qu'un detachement / de l'armée des Alliees sous les ordres du L:G: Geisrück / occupa pres de Graben de meme des ouvrages fait par / les Francois du Cotte de Dettenheim. [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Manuscript title:

    Litt: A. [top centre, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, below title, in title panel, a key, A-E, to the locations of the camps, trenches, redoubts and batteries, and the bridgehead fortified by an abbatis, etc.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Graben 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil, obscured by old heading:] X/[?4]; [bottom right, black pencil, erased and partly legible:] Graben 1745. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] X/94.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné de la Situation du Camp qu'un detachement de l'Armée des Alliés sous les ordres du L.G. Geisruck occupa a Graben pres de Philipsbourg, de meme des ouvrages faits par les Francois du coté de Dettenheim, 1745: par I.C. Treu. [There is no additional entry under the heading Graben.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Graben, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (49°09'21"N 08°28'52"E)

    Dettenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48°59'11"N 10°56'47"E)

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