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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Encampment at Moulbaix, 1745 c.1745

Pencil and watercolour on four scraps of irregularly sized paper, joined; pasted to the inside of a paper folder | Scale: not stated. 1:14,000 approx. | RCIN 729084.b

A plan of the encampment of the Allied army at Moulbaix, 7-9 May 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south to top.

This rough sketch accompanies the map at RCIN 729084.a. Both were pasted to the inside of a paper folder when they formed part of Cumberland's Collection. The attribution to Schultz is based on the entry in the George III catalogue and on stylistic grounds.

The camp at Moulbaix was about 10 km (6.2 miles) west-north-west of the camp at Cambron. The movement westwards of the Allied army was in in response to an earlier feint by Maurice of Saxony which led the Allies to believe that his main attack was centred on Mons, when, in fact, his intention was to besiege Tournai further west. The Allied army was now moving west to meet the French at what would be the Battle of Fontenoy on 11 May.

The encampment extended for a distance of about 5 km (3.1 miles) along the east side of the Secours de la Dendre, a tributary of the River Dendre, from Ellignies (Elignies-Saint-Anne 50°33'42"N 03°40'21"E), to the east of Aubegies (Aubechies 50°34'27"N 03°40'35"E) and Bliques (Blicquy 50°35'17"N 03°41'08"E) to Chapelle (Chapelle-à-Oie 50°35'45"N 03°40'18"E) in the north, where a squadron group of three horse and six dragoons was camped west of the river.

The colouring of the regimental rectangles, and the pencilled annotations of the nationalities against some of them, indicates that the British are shown in red, the Hanoverians in yellow, and the Dutch in orange. The oblique perspective drawing of a large and imposing building represents the Chateau de la Catoire, which still stands today.

  • George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (surveyor and draughtsman)

  • Watermark: A crown surmounted by three plumes of feathers, the motto ICH DIEN in a scroll below; cropped: a horn in a shield; the letters HK

    Mark, stamped: 426A

    Condition: several fold lines; very creased and worn

  • Scale: not stated. 1:14,000 approx.

    52.7 x 33.2 cm (sheet of map)

    54.4 x 69.6 cm (sheet; folded to 54.4 x 34.8 cm) 

  • Printed title:

    No title

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Moulbay 7 - 9 May 1745. [on outside of folder]

    Other annotations Map: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand?, obscured by paper backing:] 34.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Moulbay Plan dessiné du Campement de l'Armée des Alliés commandée par le Duc de Cumberland a Moulbay pres d'Ath, depuis le 7 jusqu'au 9 Mai 1745: [in red ink:] par M. Schultz: [in black ink:] with a rough sketch of D.o[The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Moulbaix, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°36'03"N 03°42'58"E)

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