Search "" as a keyword...
Filter suggestionsContinue typing to see suggestions...
War of the Austrian Succession (1740-8)

Includes much of the mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, as Captain General of the British army


Encampment at Moulbaix, 1745

PLAN / du Campement de MOULBAY, / de l'Armée des Alliés, Commandée / par S.A.R. Monseigneur Le Duc / de Cumberland &c / depuis le 7. jusqu'au 9.e May, 1745


Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour pasted to the inside of a paper folder | Scale: 1:22,500 approx. | RCIN 729084.a

A plan of the encampment of the Allied army at Moulbaix, 7-9 May 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-north-west (cardinal points) to top.

This map accompanies the rough sketch at RCIN 729084.b. Both were pasted to the inside of a paper folder when they formed part of Cumberland's collection. The attribution to Schultz is based on the entry in the George III catalogue and on stylistic grounds.

The camp at Moulbaix was about 10 km (6.2 miles) west-north-west of the camp at Cambron. The movement westwards of the Allied army was in response to an earlier feint by Maurice of Saxony which led the Allies to believe that his main attack was centred on Mons, when, in fact, his intention was to besiege Tournai further west. The Allied army was now moving west to meet the French at what would be the Battle of Fontenoy on 11 May.

The encampment extended for a distance of about 5 km (3.1 miles) along the east side of the Secours de la Dendre, a tributary of the River Dendre, from Ellignies (Elignies-Saint-Anne 50°33'42"N 03°40'21"E), to the east of Aubegies (Aubechies 50°34'27"N 03°40'35"E) and Bliques (Blicquy 50°35'17"N 03°41'08"E) to Chapelle (Chapelle-à-Oie 50°35'45"N 03°40'18"E) in the north, where a squadron group of three horse and six dragoons was camped west of the river.

The colouring of the regimental rectangles has not been completed; the red colouring denotes British troops (see the red rectangle labelled 'Art: Angl:'), and the yellow represents Hanoverians (see the yellow rectangle labelled 'Art: Hanov:').

  • George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (surveyor and draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Map: none visible. Folder: none.

    Mark, stamped: 426

    Condition: creased; some discolouration from the paste. Folder: one fold line; front of folder, bottom left: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:22,500 approx. Scale bar: Echelle d'une ½ Lieue [99 mm =].

    25.5 x 30.3 cm (image and neatline)

    26.5 x 31.5 cm (sheet of map)

    54.4 x 69.6 cm (sheet; folded to 54.4 x 34.8 cm)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du Campement de MOULBAY, / de l'Armée des Alliés, Commandée / par S.A.R. Monseigneur Le Duc / de Cumberland &c / depuis le 7. jusqu'au 9.e May, 1745. [bottom right]


    George III heading: Encampment at Moulbay 7 - 9 May 1745. [on outside of folder];

    Other annotations: Map: (Recto) [top left, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand?]: 34. (Verso) none. Folder: (Recto) none. (Verso) [of folder: top right, black pencil:] 1745.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Moulbay Plan dessiné du Campement de l'Armée des Alliés commandée par le Duc de Cumberland a Moulbay pres d'Ath, depuis le 7 jusqu'au 9 Mai 1745: [in red ink:] par M. Schultz: [in black ink:] with a rough sketch of D.o[The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Subject(s)

    Moulbaix, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°36'03"N 03°42'58"E)

Page revisions

  • 14 March 2024