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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Encampment at Richelle and Liège, 1747

Campement de l'Armée Alliée, et de / de celle de France, du [blank space for date] aout jusqu'au [date not supplied] 1747 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on two pieces of linen, sewn together | Scale: 1:55,800 approx. | RCIN 730162

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A map of the encampments and works of the Allied and French armies, and their proposed march routes in the area of Maastricht and Liège, July-September 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

The area covered extends from Maastricht to the north to Liège in the south, and from Köninghem (Koninkshem 50°45'55"N 05°26'20"N) south-west of Tongeren in the west, to Dalhem (50°42'47"N 05°43'39"E) in the east. The French army is shown in yellow. The principal roads are indicated by faint double-dashed lines and march routes by single dark dashed lines. River crossings are indicated in a variety of ways. Fords appear to be represented by a single dashed line, flanked on each side by another dashed line. Five of these are shown between Liège and Maastricht, only two of which are marked as practicable. A single dashed line crossing the river may indicate a pedestrian ferry, and a double dashed line may represent a vehicular or horse ferry crossing. There is no evidence, on the map, for the dates given in the old catalogue entry.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: I VILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 682

    Condition: one fold line; wear to fold and two small tears to right edge have been repaired when laid down on linen. Verso: foxing and induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:55,800 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 600 pas [86 mm =].

    40.4 x 50.2 cm (neatline)

    41.1 x 51.0 cm (image)

    43.0 x 52.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Campement de l'Armée Alliée, et de / de celle de France, du [blank space for date] aout jusqu'au [date not supplied]. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title, in title panel, a key, A-I, K, to the position of the Allied and French armies, and the identity of selected Corps.] [Top right, a continuation of the key, L-T, V, X-Z, to new bridges, practicable fords, and various march routes:] Renvoy pour l'Entreprise projettée.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Richelle 19 July - 23 Sept.r 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand]: 112. (Verso) [top, right of centre, ink or black pencil, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Richel; [top, right of centre, black pencil, obscured by linen and indistinct; top right, black pencil, obscured by linen:] 112; [right, red pencil, in large numerals, possibly relating to the linen backing rather than to the map:] 15½ [and] 1/8; [bottom, right of centre, indistinct and obscured by white paper strip: older numbering systems]; [bottom, left of centre, ink, obscured by linen, partly legible:] [...] 1747.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Richelle Plan dessiné du campement de l'Armée Alliée a Richelle pres de Viset depuis le 19 Juillet jusqu'au 23 Sept.re 1747: comme aussi du Campement de l'Armée Francoise. [The same entry appears inder the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Richelle, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°42'50"N 05°41'44"E)

    Liège, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°38'00"N 05°34'00"E)

    Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (50°50'54"N 05°41'20"E)

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