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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Encampment at Roermond and Hellenrouck, 1748

Camp. / De l’Armée des Hauts Alliés sous les ordres de S. A. R. Monseigneur / le Duc de Cumberland, depuis le 12me. jusqu’au 19me d’Avril 1748 c.1748

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:21,300 approx. | RCIN 731011

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A map of the encampments of the Allied army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland at Hellenrouck, April 1748. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points). 

Encamped regiments are named. The bridgehead across the Meuse is shown but the pontoon bridges are lacking. The floodplain of the River Meuse is represented by a dark greenish-brown wash over which there is stippling in a series of short lines; care has been taken to indicate which areas are especially marshy, and the slope of the river terrace, denoting the former level of the river, is indicated by hachuring. Cultivated land is shown by the stylised symbol of rectangles of brown stripes at different angles; heathland or rough pasture is similarly represented to the floodplain, but in a lighter colour.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 725

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: foxing; induced discolouration; water-stained patch and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:21,300 approx. Scale bar: [64 mm =] 700 Toises. 

    27.4 x 44.6 cm (image and neatline)

    29.1 x 46.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Camp. / De l’Armée des Hauts Alliés sous les ordres de S. A. R. Monseigneur / le Duc de Cumberland, depuis le 12me. jusqu’au 19me d’Avril 1748.

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, below title, a key to the colours which distinguish the Austrian, Hanoverian and British troops and to the location of the bridgehead over the Meuse which was begun on 14 April:] Explication.


    George III heading: Encampment at Hellenrouck 12-19 April 1748.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil, in Mason's hand:] 134. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 67; [top right, ink, crossed out, obscured by white paper strip:] Hellenrouck; [centre, red pencil:] 68.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné du Campement de l’Armée des Hauts Alliées sous les ordres du Duc de Cumberland a Hellenrouck pres de Ruremonde, depuis le 12 jusqu’au 19 Avril 1748. [The same entry appears under the heading Hellenrouck.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands (51°11'39"N 05°59'15"E)

    Hillenraed Castle, Limburg, Netherlands (51°13'18"N 06°02'03"E)

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