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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

François Aloine Verhas (active 1748)

Encampment at Roermond and Hellenrouck, 1748

Plan / Von den Lager der Allürten Armée beÿ Rüeremünde alwo Sich Selbige / vom 10t April an nach und nach Combiniret. c.1748

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:30,000 approx. | RCIN 731009

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A map of the encampments of the Allied army at Roermond between 10 and 20 April 1748. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top (cardinal points). 

The earlier positions of the English and Hanoverian camps are shown by light grey rectangles with dotted outlines. The position of the combined camp is shown in solid colouring: British (red), Austrian (green), Hanoverian (yellow). The three pontoon bridges across the Meuse, together with the bridgehead fortification are shown to the north-east of Roermond. 

Another copy of this map is at RCIN 731010.

  • François Aloine Verhas (active 1748) (draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] Francois Aloine Verhas.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: LV

    Mark, stamped: 723

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: brown staining; top left, water-stained patch and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:30,000 approx. Scale bar: Maas Stab von 3000 Schritt [80 mm =].

    28.2 x 37.4 cm (neatline)

    28.4 x 37.5 cm (image)

    28.5 x 37.6 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Plan / Von den Lager der Allürten Armée beÿ Rüeremünde alwo Sich Selbige / vom 10t April an nach und nach Combiniret. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title, in title panel, a key, A-E, to the different encampments]; [top right, in rectangular panel, a note that the headquarters of the Duke of Cumberland is at Hellenroth and an exposition of the locations of the various camps and a key to the colours:] … Nota das Lager der Kaÿsserli ist Grün / das Engl Roth / und das Hannov Gölb / Illuminiret.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampments at Hellenrouck 10 and 19 April 1748.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 12/15; [top left, black pencil:] XII/15; [top right, ink, obscured by white paper strip:] Hellenrouck.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Hellenrouck Plan von dem Lagern der Allurten Armée zu Hellenroth bey Rueremunde, alwo sich selbige vom 10 april 1748 an nach und nach combiniret: von F. A. Verhas. drawn. [The same entry occurs under the heading Hellenrouck.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands (51°11'39"N 05°59'15"E)

    Hillenraed Castle, Limburg, Netherlands (51°13'18"N 06°02'03"E)

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