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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Encampment at Terheijden, 1746

Plan / Vom dem Zwischen Breda und Getrudenberg befindlichen Couhornischen Retragement welches, von der Alligirten Armeé unter Commando S:r Exelentz Hern General felt Marchal Grafen v: Bathianÿ / Den 23n Maÿ 1746... 1746 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:8,900 approx. | RCIN 730045

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army under the command of Field Marshal Bathiani at Terheijden in 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with east to top (compass rose).

A detailed topographical map showing roads, settlements, drainage, marshes and the extended lines of encampments of the Allied army to the north of Breda. The roads are coloured in red, but there is no indication of classification according to surface, or suitability for, for example, artillery. This map gives more information than the preceding plans (RCINs 730042, 730043) of this encampment: the detail is more precisely drawn and the disposition of troops in relation to settlements and field fortifications, and the greater and more particular identification of ‘goings’, suggests that this map has been made on the basis of field observations.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily, C & I H below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 522

    Condition: eight fold lines; creased; part of a pasted on border, left, has become detached, the bottom portion is lost; 2.5 cm tear, top left; small tear to right of central horizontal fold; surface dirt along left edge. Verso: surface dirt; very worn along fold lines; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:8,900 approx. Scale bar: Masztab von Dreÿ hundert Rheinländische Ruhten [127 mm =] 300.

    36.6 x 51.3 cm (neatline)

    37.3 x 51.7 cm (image)

    37.9 x 52.3 cm (whole object)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan / Vom dem Zwischen Breda und Getrudenberg befindlichen Couhornischen Retragement welches, von der Alligirten Armeé unter Commando S:r Exelentz Hern General felt Marchal Grafen v: Bathianÿ / Den 23n Maÿ 1746. bezogen worden. [bottom right, in cartouche representing a scroll]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, below title, a key, A-I, K-O, to the military and geographical features on the map:] Erklärung der Buchstaben [and a key, 1-72, to the encamped regiments:] Benung deren Regimenter / Worbeÿ zu Obserwiren das solche anfänglich theils wegen des Hinter dem Retranchement gewesenen dicken Buschwerks / und Viellen Gräbens theis um keine gärten von der Stadt zu ruiniren nicht ordenlicher gesetzt werden können.


    George III heading: Encampment at Ter Heyden 23 May 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil, cropped:] XII/[?]; [bottom right, red pencil:] 10/40 [the ‘40’ is crossed out in black pencil]; [bottom right, black pencil:] XII/30.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampments A drawn Plan of the Allied Army under the command of Marshal Bathiany at Ter-Heyden between Breda and Gertruydenberg, the 23.d May 1746. [The same entry appears under the heading Ter-Heyden.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and printsformed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Terheijden (North Brabant, Netherlands) 51°38'36"N 04°45'15"E

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