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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Encampment at Zonhoven, 1746

Le Camp de l’Armée Alliée prés de Zonhoven / le 25: et 26: Juillet 1746 1746 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:21,000 approx. | RCIN 730055

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army, under the command of Prince Charles of Lorraine, 25-26 July 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south to top.

Prince Charles Alexander, Duke of Lorraine was the brother-in-law of Maria Theresa of Austria and was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1740-80. This campsite was located between Hasselt and Zonhoven. None of the regiments or commanding officers is identified. Apart from Hasselt and Zonhoven, the only other place-name included on this map is Curingen (Kuringen 50°56'39"N 05°17'56"E).

In the same hand as RCIN 730056. The draughtsman has distinguished, by different symbols, three main categories of land use. The sets of straight and dotted lines, placed at different angles, represent ploughed or cultivated land; according to the explanatory text in the title panel, the left wing was situated next to a stream which was bordered by marshy grasslands. Thus the symbol of a line of three or four dots indicates marshy land, while the remaining symbol resembling tufts of grass represents drier land, probably heath.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: None

    Mark, stamped: 549

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: induced discolouration; top left, water-stained patch, shadow, ghosting and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:21,000 approx.

    34.5 x 43.5 cm (neatline)

    34.9 x 43.8 cm (image)

    37.1 x 47.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Le Camp de l’Armée Alliée prés de Zonhoven / le 25: et 26: Juillet 1746. [bottom right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    Dont la Cavallerie et une partie de l’Infanterie de la Premiere Ligne de la / Droite formoit une flanque entre deux Etangs et deux petits Ruissaux, / l’Aille Gauche etoit appuÿée á un ruissau borde des prairies marceageuses / qui passe par Zonhoven et tombe dans la Riviere de Deemer auprés de / Curingen. [bottom right, below title]


    George III heading: Encampment at Zonhoven 25-26 July 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 73. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 48; [top, left of centre, black pencil:] XII/44; [top right, black pencil, in Schultz's hand:] Netherlands C.L.5 [and, in a different hand?:] 8; [centre, red pencil:] 48.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampments Plan dessiné du Camp de l’Armée Alliée pres de Zonhoven le 25 et 26 Juillet 1746. [The same entry appears under the heading Zonhoven.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Zonhoven (Flanders, Belgium) 50°59'26"N 05°22'05"E

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