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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

J.P. Isenbart (active 1746-8)

Encampments between Liège and Maastricht, 1746-1747

Carte particuliére des Environs à deux Côtés de la Meuse entre les Villes de Liège et de Mastricht, et entre Tongres, Bilsen et Dalem / Dans la quelle se trouvent marqués (1 les deux... 1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on two sheets of paper, joined; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:35,300 approx. | RCIN 730071

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A map of the encampments, manoeuvres and battles between Liège and Maastricht between the French and Allied armies in 1746 and 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west-north-west to top.

This complex graphic shows, by use of colour, a combination of campsite, manoeuvres and battles for the years 1746 and 1747 in an area stretching for a distance of about 26 km between Liège and Maastricht. The Allied army, under the command of Prince Charles Duke of Lorraine (Governor of the Austrian Netherlands) spent the months of July to October 1746 in manoeuvring and camping in the area to the east and north of Brussels, and the camps at Bombaye, Lanaken, and Rosmeer are shown on this map.

Superimposed on the old camp outlines is the formation of the opposing armies at the Battle of Raucoux (11 October 1746) in which the French, under the command of Marshal Saxe, defeated the Allied army. The camps in 1747 in the vicinity of Maastricht are also shown, together with the Battle of Laffeldt. The camps from 1746 are shown by a uniform grey colour, while those of 1747 are depicted in different colours reflecting the country of origin of the troops: Imperial (Austrian) in green, English in red, Hanoverians in vermilion, Hessians in sky blue, and the Dutch in dark blue. The colour red was used for the English, Hanoverian and Hessians in the depiction of the two battles.

  • J.P. Isenbart (active 1746-8) (draughtsman) [bottom, below ‘Remarques’, inside neatline, in red ink:] J P Isenbart. [Drawn in 1747: the draughtsman refers to the campsites of ‘this year’, in the context of the campsites of 1747.]

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 566

    Condition: two fold lines; linen backing is two pieces stitched together; brown staining to recto; pronounced foxing on verso

  • Scale: 1:35,300 approx. Scale bar: [115 mm =] 5000 Pas.

    52.4 x 73.3 cm (neatline)

    52.9 x 73.8 cm (image)

    55.2 x 76.0 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Carte particuliére des Environs à deux Côtés de la Meuse entre les Villes de Liège et de Mastricht, et entre Tongres, Bilsen et Dalem / Dans la quelle se trouvent marqués (1 les deux Champs de Bataille de Raucoux et de Laveldt; (2 les divers Camps, que l’Armée Alliée / dans ces Environs a occupée aux Années 1746 et 1747. (3 les petits Camps-volants tant des Alliées que des Ennemis avec leur Retranchements, / faits de part et d’autre, sur le Mont de St Piére pres de Mastricht tout ceci aux Mois de Juillet, Août, de Septembre et de l’Octobre 1747. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, in title box, below title:] de l’Année 1746. / L’Armée Alliée sous les Ordres de S. A. R. le Prince Charle de Lorraine aÿant abandonnée / les Environs de Namur occupa enfin, apres des Marches fatiguantes [followed by an explanation to the letters A-I, K-R and:] de L’Année 1747 / L’Armée Alliée sous les Ordres de S. A. R. le Duc de Cumberland / [followed by a journal of events and an explanation to the letters S-W]; [bottom left, in rectangular panel:] Continuation de l’Année 1747. [followed by an explanation of the letters x-KK; followed by an explanation of the colours used to identify the armies:] Remarques.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampments between Liege and Maestricht 9 Sept.r 1746 - 3 Oct.r 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 121. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 37; [top right, black pencil, in Schultz's hand?:] 121; [right centre, red pencil: 37]; [top, right of centre, obscured by white paper label, ink:] Maese.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Carte particuliere dessinée des Environs a deux cotés de la Meuse entre Liege et Mastricht, et entre Tongres, Bilsen et Dalem; dans laquelle se trouvent marques, 1, Les deux Champs de Bataille de Raucoux et de Laveldt; 2), Les divers Camps que l’Armée Alliée a occupé dans ces Environs aux années 1746 et 1743 [sic]: 3, Les petits Camps volants tant des Alliées que des Ennemis, avec leurs Retranchements faits de part et d’autre sur le Mont de St. Pierre pres de Mastricht, aux mois de Juillet, Aout, Septembre et Octobre 1747: par le Colonel I. P. Isenbart. 2 feuilles. [The same entry appears under the headings Liege and Maestricht.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Liège (Walloon Region, Belgium) 50°38'00"N 05°34'00"E

    Maastricht (Limburg, Netherlands) 50°50'54"N 05°41'20"E

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