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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

William Bontein (active 1747-d.October 1760)

French encampment at Fromont, 1747

PLAN / du Rivage de la Meuse et l'Endroit ou etoit campé / un partie de l'Armée Francoise, vis-a-vis l'Armée des Hauts-Alliez / [followed by erased and illegible text] .. , avec leurs Ouvrages. / fait le 4me... c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and grey wash on paper | Scale: 1:16,000 approx. | RCIN 730161

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A map of the encampment and field fortifications of part of the French army in the vicinity of Fromont, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top (compass rose).

The area around the former settlement of Fromont appears, today, to be the site of opencast mineral excavation. These French camps were occupied until the beginning of October 1747. The map extends from Wanck (Wonck 50°46'00"N 05°38'10"E) in the north to Vivenis (Vivegnis 50°41'32"N 05°38'51"E) in the south, and from Houtain (Houtain-Saint-Siméon 50°44'24"N 05°36'44"E) in the west to Vizet (Visé 50°44'15"N 05°41'56"E) in the east.

  • William Bontein (active 1747-d.October 1760) (draughtsman) [bottom right, outside border:] Will.m Bontein Engineer Extraordinary.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: I VILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 681

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: top left, paper repair to small tear, top left; eight small patches of paper to top and bottom edges, perhaps from the map having been pasted down on paper and then lifted off

  • Scale: 1:16,000 approx. Scale bar: [50 mm =] Une Echelle de Mille Pas ou Cinque Cents Pas au Pouce.

    37.0 x 48.8 cm (neatline)

    38.1 x 49.9 cm (image)

    39.4 x 51.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du Rivage de la Meuse et l'Endroit ou etoit campé / un partie de l'Armée Francoise, vis-a-vis l'Armée des Hauts-Alliez / [followed by erased and illegible text] .. , avec leurs Ouvrages. / fait le 4me Octobre le jour apres leur depart 1747. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in plain rectangular panel, a key, 1-4, to military features.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Fromont 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil [in Schultz's or Mason's hand]:] 115. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, cropped and illegible:] 1747 [ ... ?]; [bottom left, black pencil, obscured by paper patch:] 39; [top right, black pencil, obscured by paper patch:] 115.; (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, cropped and illegible:] 1747 [ ... ?]; [bottom left, black pencil, obscured by paper patch:] 39; [top right, black pencil, obscured by paper patch:] 115.; bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] 70; [right centre, red pencil:] 39.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fromont Plan dessiné du Rivage de la Meuse et du Campement d'une partie de l'Armée francoise a Fromont en 1747, avec leurs ouvrages: par Guillaume Bontein Ing.r 4 Oct.re 1747.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fromont, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°44'55"N 05°39'05"E)

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