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War of the Austrian Succession (1740-8)

Includes much of the mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, as Captain General of the British army


Map of the Battle of Dettingen, 1743 (Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany) 50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E

1743 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | 51.5 x 48.2 cm | RCIN 728094

Three maps of the camps and movements of the Allied and French armies before, during, and after the Battle of Dettingen, 17-27 June 1743. The attribution to François de Hancko is made on stylistic grounds. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top.

The regimental rectangles are coloured according to nationality: British (red), Hanoverians (yellow), Austrians (green), French (blue). The main map covers the banks of the Main from Seligenstadt in the north-west to Oberau (49°56'13"N 09°07'54"E) in the south-east. March routes and lines of fire from the batteries are shown.

The Battle of Dettingen, in which the British defeated the French, was the last in which a British Monarch (George II, 1683-1760) took part, and the first in which William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the King's third son, saw active service. Cumberland received a serious wound in the calf which was to trouble him for the rest of his life: a shot had left a hole ‘as big as a hen's egg and the extremities of some of the muscle which it had torn asunder in its passage were quite drove out of the wound’.

The details of the three maps are as follows:

(1) [top: General medium-scale plan of the positions and movements of the British and Fench armies between Seligenstadt and Oberau]

Scale: 1:36,000 approx. Size: 21.8 x 46.5 cm (neatline).

(2) [bottom left: larger-scale plan of the position of the British army before the battle]

Scale: 1:21,000 approx.

Size: 20.6 x 23.0 cm (neatline).

(3) [bottom right:] Plan agrandi de la Battaille ou l'ont / peut voire les nom[m]es de Toutes les / Regiments, com[m]ent qu'il ont été / Formé en action

Scale: 1:20,000 approx.

Size: 20.6 x 23.3 cm (neatline).

  • ? François Hancko (active 1741-8) (draughtsman)


    Army-Allied army (War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-48)
  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 321

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: induced discolouration

  • 51.5 x 48.2 cm (image)

    53.7 x 49.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan de la Battaille de Dettingen entre l'Armée des Alliée Sous le comandement de Sa Majesté Le Roÿ de la Grand Bretagne, et l'Armée Françoise le 27: de juin. 1743. [general title, bottom, below maps in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below title, in title panel, a key, A-I, K-U, W-Z, to the letters on the maps.] 


    George III heading: Battle of Dettingen 27 June 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, cropped:] 1743; [left centre, red pencil, cropped:] 7/[74]; [left centre, black pencil, cropped:] IX.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Dettingen Trois Plans dessinés de la Bataille de Dettingen entre l’Armée des Alliés sous le commandement du Roy de la Grande Bretagne, et l’Armée Francoise, le 27 Juin 1743. (par F. Hancko Ing.r?).

  • Subject(s)

    Dettingen am Main, Bavaria, Germany (50°02'29"N 09°02'00"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Y. Hodson, ‘Prince William, Royal map collector’, The Map Collector, 44, 1988, pp. 2-12

Page revisions

  • 23 May 2024