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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

François Hancko (active 1741-8)

Order of battle, 1746, Low Countries

Ordre de Battaille avec toute les uniformes / de l’Armeé Alliée aux Pais Bas Sous les Ordres de S: A: Roÿale Monseigneur le Duc Charles de Loraine en Chef 1746 or later

Pencil, pen, ink, watercolour with touches of silver and gold; laid down on linen | 45.7 x 65.1 cm (image) | RCIN 730065

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An order of battle of the Allied army under the command of Prince Charles of Lorraine, 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48).

The order of battle is in five lines, with the artillery placed between the second and third lines. The General Officers of the First Line are General Field Marshal Bathianÿ; Generals Sommerfeld, Daun, and Palffÿ; Lieutenant-Generals Ligonier, Prince de Hesse, Druchtleben, Kollowrath, Alercÿ, Brzÿkovskÿ, Philiberth; Major-Generals Rothes, Walbrun, Dalwig. Hamerstein, Howard, Wolff, Zastraw, Maidell, Aremberg, Haller, Lillers, Sincere, Gemming, Boubla, Bournonville, Spada; Brigadiers Bligh, Wreden, Borch, Block.

The General Officers of the Second Line are General Gaisrugg; Lieutenant-Generals Ligonier, Monsbach, Grune, Hollÿ; Major-Generals Craffurd, Isenburg, Montignÿ, Klinckonstrom, Burghausen, Betlehem, Uÿvarÿ, Arberg, Elberfeld, Durlach, Winckelman, Rudicatÿ; Brigadiers Adelepsen, Douglas, Spörcken.

The General Officers of the Third Line are Le Prince de Waldeck en Chef; General de Cavallerie Prince Birckenfeldt; Lieutenant-Generals Coenders, Smissart, Schwartzenberg; Major-Generals Matha, Lindman, Willat, Wued, Schach; Brigadiers Schagen, Elias, Rhode, von Hekeren, Hoenft.

The General Officers of the Fourth Line are Lieutenant-Generals La Lippe, Aylva; Major-Generals Clinstra, Veldman, Camienbourg; Brigadiers Vrÿbergen, Hiemstra, Grotenraj, Schlippenbach.

The General Officers of the Fifth Line are Lieutenant-Generals Trips and Baronaÿ; Major-Generals Prince Esterhazÿ and Moroz.

The regiments are named and the regimental rectangles are coloured to reflect the colours of the different parts of the uniform: jacket, facings and buttons, and sashes. The nationalities were distinguished by the colour of their sashes: Austrians (green and gold), British (red), Hanoverian (yellow), Hessian (red and silver), Dutch (orange).

  • François Hancko (active 1741-8) (draughtsman) [bottom left, outside neatline:] Fait par Hancko Ingenieur.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below, and C & I HONIG below the letters; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 560

    Condition: four fold lines; surface dirt; ink smudges; some foxing. Verso: foxing

  • 44.5 x 63.9 cm (neatline)

    45.7 x 65.1 cm (image)

    46.0 x 65.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Ordre de Battaille avec toute les uniformes / de l’Armeé [sic] Alliée aux Pais Bas Sous les Ordres de S: A: Roÿale Monseigneur le Duc Charles de Loraine en Chef. [top centre, inside neatline]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Order of Battle 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 61. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 37; [top, right of centre, ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Order of Battle; [top right, black pencil:] 61; [top right, ink or black pencil, obscured by linen:] 6[7?] C; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, obscured by white paper strip, illegible.]

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille avec tous les Uniformes de l’Armée Alliée aux Pais Bas sous les ordres du Duc Charles de Lorraine en 1746: par Hancko Ing.r MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

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