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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

John Anderson (active 1747-8)

Order of battle, 1746

ORDRE de BATTAILLE des FRANCOIS en MDCCXLVI / S: M: LE ROY 1748 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on vellum | 15.5 x 28.2 cm (image and neatline) | RCIN 730061

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An order of battle of the French army in 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48).

The draughtsman of this order of battle, John Anderson, was a serjeant in Lord George Beauclerk's Regiment of Foot, which was the 19th, subsequently the Green Howards and Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment. Lieutenant-General Lord George Beauclerk was the colonel of the regiment from 15 March 1748 to 25 May 1768. (Leslie 1974, p.61.)

The order of battle is in four lines, with the artillery park between the second and third lines. The General Officers of the First Line, under Marechal Saxe, Capitaine General are General D'Herouville; Lieutenants-Generaux Clermont Tonnere, Mr Le Duc Chartres, Du Chayla, Lowendahl, Breze, Contaades, Duc de Richelieu, Chr de Bellisle, Clermont Gallerande, Langeron, Duc de Harcourt; Marechaux de Camp Beuiron, Duc de Fitzjames, Noailles, Destrean, Montmorency, Mezieres, Davarcy, Guerrehy, Lauvaguin, Armentiers, Foulay, Lorges, D'A'anlezy, Courten, Daguesseau, Blet, Gramont, La Marche, Rosen, Graville; Brigadiers Generaux Beaucaire, Chabrillant, Crenay, Davrincourt, La Massey, La Ferre, Muise, D'Dolonne, Vence, De Vau, Bombille, Pascal, Douglas, de Dreux, Crillion, Paron, Dailly, Boisot, Dauterive, de Brione.

The General Officers of the Second Line are General Bulkelay, Lieutenants-Generaux Le Co, D'Eu, Dapeher, Duc de Boutevile, Croisay, Monin, Clare, Berranger, Prince de Ponts, Ponchartrain, Le Comte de Clermont; Marechaux de Camp Relingen, La Perause, Dautaine, Chanbanais, Sourches, Montmorin, Duc de Lauragois, Sr Pern, Souvre, Duc de Havre, D'Herouville, Duc de Broglie, Muy, Chavlier de Muy, Pontz, Choiseville, Rubemfre; Brigadiers-Generaux du Corail, Desermates, Prince Croy, Berville, Gustine, Laval, Marquis, La Brosse, Bonne, Avanture, Bergyck, Slany, Cornay, Voyer, de Mombari.

The artillery of 140 cannon is commanded by Lieutentant-general Mr de Mazilieu.

The General Officers of the Third Line are Lieutenants-Generaux Mr Le Prince de Dombes, Courtomer, Duc de Biron, Montgibaut, Montesson, Berchiny; Marechaux de Camp Beaufremont, Logny, Montmorency, Crequi, Thome, Rasilly, Graville, Deguers, Duroure, Du Chambrion, Fougeres, Tressan, Balincourt, Susy, Perusy, Morangiers, Cannillac, La Luzerne, La Salle, La Suze; Brigadiers-Generaux Linden, Affeldt, Jomery, La Vallete, Guiry, Brissac, Destournelle, Daspremont, St Clair, Duplessis, Daubigny, Beausobre.

The General Officers of the Fourth Line are Lieutenant-General Comte D'Estrees; Generaux-Majors Fihines, Cetlogen, Scepeaux, La Coste, Messeliere; Brigadiers-Generaux Du Rumain, Rufey, Puysegun, Payan, Dourougel, Prince Guiac, Monacco, Maisoncelle, Charlevalle.

  • John Anderson (active 1747-8) (draughtsman) [bottom left, inside neatline:] J: Anderson.

  • Watermark: Not applicable

    Mark, stamped: 555

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 15.5 x 28.2 cm (image and neatline)

    16.5 x 29.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    ORDRE de BATTAILLE des FRANCOIS en MDCCXLVI / [sous le commandement de] S: M: LE ROY. [top, inside neatline]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a summary of the numbers of battalions of infantry in the first and second lines, the Brigades of Guards, etc., 150 in total:] Recapitualtion Infantry [bottom right, a summary of the numbers of squadrons of cavalry in the first and second lines, Maison du Roy, etc., 236 in total:] Recapitulation Cavallerie.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Order of Battle 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] XII/60.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille des Francois sous le commandement du Roy en 1746: par J. Anderson. drawn on vellum.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

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