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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Louis le Rouge (1707-93/4)

Siege of Fribourg, 1744

PLAN DE / FRIBOURG / EN BRISGAU 1744

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand-coloured | Scale: 1:7,500 approx. | RCIN 729044

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A map of the French siege of Freiburg, 22 September-4 November 1744. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north to top.

Shows details of the diversion of the River Dreisam between 24 and 28 September, and the direction of fire from the French batteries. The French approaches are coloured in yellow.

This map was originally published in 1744 on smaller sheetlines, without the military information. Le Rouge has updated the information and extended the area covered in order to include the siege works, batteries and lines of fire. The size of the original map is indicated by the black vertical and horizontal lines which run across the face of the map.

  • George Louis le Rouge (1707-93/4) (cartographer and publisher) [top, left of centre, below title, in title panel:] à Paris / Chez le S.r LE ROUGE Ing.r Géographe / du Roy, rue des grands Augustins vis à / vis le panier fleury. 1744.

  • Watermark: Maltese cross within rosary; countermark: in a rounded narrow rectangle: J followed by a castle, DUPUY MOYEN; in a separate rounded rectangular cartouche: AUVERGNE 1742

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: heavy surface dirt along fold line; bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:7,500 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 200 Toises [52 mm =].

    37.3 x 56.2 cm (neatline)

    37.7 x 56.5 cm (image)

    39.2 x 58.0 cm (platemark)

    45.1 x 63.3 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN DE / FRIBOURG / EN BRISGAU [top, left of centre, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    RENVOY pour les Attaques. [top left, a key, A-D, to the fieldworks and the diversion of the river]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Fribourg 22 Sept.r - 4 Nov.r 1744.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 24. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Mason's or Schultz's hand:] 52; [top right, black pencil, in Mason's or Schultz's hand]: 63.; [right centre, red pencil:] 52; [bottom right, black pencil:] 54; [top right, black pencil, erased:] 1744.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fribourg Plan de la Ville de Fribourg en Brisgau assiegée par les Francois le 22 Septembre et prise le 4 Novembre 1744: chez le Rouge.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (47°59'45"N 07°51'08"E)

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