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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

William Green (1725-1811)

Tongeren, 1747

PLAN of the FRENCH LINES at TONGRES with their ENCAMPMENTS c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; some pricking through; copying squares in pencil | Scale: 1:13,850 approx. | RCIN 730172

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A map of the French lines and encampments at Tongeren, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north to top (compass rose).

The area covered by the map extends from Harenn (Haren 50°47'34"N 05°23'57"E) in the north-west, to the area around Elderen ('s Herenelderen 50°48'31"N 05°30'02"E) in the north-east; and from the area around Ruson (Rutten 50°44'51"N 05°26'36"E) in the south-west to the area south of Frere (Vreren 50°45'06"N 05°29'45"E) and Glaen (Glons 50°45'11"N 05°32'44"E) in the south-east. The positions of the camps appear to have been surveyed, together with the lines of the French fortifications to the east and north-east of Tongeren.

  • William Green (1725-1811) (surveyor)

    Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom left:] W. Green / D. Paterson} Eng.rs

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 692

    Condition: one fold line; offsetting from ink when folded. Verso: induced discolouration; bottom, right of centre: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:13,850 approx. Scale bar [33 mm =] 500 yards.

    43.3 x 64.0 cm (neatline)

    43.7 x 64.3 cm (image)

    50.8 x 73.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of the FRENCH LINES at TONGRES with their ENCAMPMENTS. [top, across top of map, outside border]

    Inset:

    [bottom left:] Profil to the Lines. Scale: 1:225 approx. Profile scale: [27 mm =] 20 Feet. Size: 11,5 x 22,9 cm (neatline).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampments at Tongres Sept.r 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand:] Plan of French Lines & encampments at Tongres 1747. [and] 40; [top right, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand, cropped and partly illegible:] [...?] 114.; [left, along left edge, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand:] Plan of French Lines & encampments at Tongres [followed by an illegible mark].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tongres A drawn Plan of the French Lines at Tongres with their Encampments in Sept.r 1747: by W. Green and D. Paterson Eng.rs [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Tongeren, Flanders, Belgium (50°46'49"N 05°27'53"E)

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